Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbThis day, March 14th, has seen some important events in the history of our country. During this primary season of the Presidential Election campaign, we hear a lot about Town Hall Meetings and Caucuses; it was on this day that the first town hall meeting was held in Boston. This day witnessed George Washington side-tracking a potential officer coup d’étate by Continental Army officers with his "Newburgh Address." It was also the day that witnessed UN forces retake Seoul during the Korean War. Eli Whitney was granted a patent for his "Cotton Engine" that made the growing of cotton profitable and ultimately triggered the Civil War to maintain access to slave labor. The FBI issued its first "10 Most Wanted" list on this day and Jack Ruby was sentenced to death for the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald. So, let’s take a closer look at some of these events…

faneuil_hall

This day witnessed several major milestones in the history of our American democracy. In 1743, the first recorded town meeting occurred at Faneuil Hall in Boston. Interestingly, this original meeting became the opportunity for the community to become informed about issues rather than to allow the people to vote on issues of current importance as is done with the caucuses being held during this election season, especially in the Republican Party’s primary landscape. On this day, in 1783, just after the signing of the Treaty of Paris, officers of the Continental Army were ready to rebel and take over the fledgling American government over a pension dispute. As they met in Newburgh, they were ready to march on the Congress when George Washington delivered an unscheduled speech that became known as the "Newburgh Declaration." Both of these events would allow our experiment in representative government, unique in the world at that time, that would culminate in the ratification of the strong United States Constitution in 1789. There, again, Washington arose over the populace zeitgeist to insist on a democratic presidency rather than the monarchy that the colonists were used to from their European heritage.

BE030041 (RM) TMH 03/14/2011At the time that the patent for the "Cotton Engine" (Cotton Gin) was issued to Eli Whitney in 1794, the slave-based economy of the southern states was not well understood. Processing cotton, once grown and harvested, was an intensive, difficult job because of all the seeds in the cotton bolls. This was hard, handwork; not the type of work that non-slaves would do! The cotton gin enabled large amounts of cotton to be process, the seeds removed (and themselves processed into oil) and the cotton ready to spin. This made the planting of large fields of cotton economically attractive, but required slave labor to tend, given all the weeding and harvesting required. This made a slave-based economic system emerge as the key factor in the southern states. As the abolition movement in the north gained momentum, the southern states feared the spread of this non-slave economy into the south, destroying their agrarian way of life. The roots of the civil war might actually be traced back to this invention!

In 1951, the Korean War was the major event on most people’s minds. This was the first "hot" conflict in the Cold War between the democratic Western Powers and the communistic Soviet Union. Each of these major powers had their proxy states: the UN and the United States defended South Korea while the communist People’s Republic of China (PRC) supported North Korea; Korea had been partitioned at the 38th parallel after World War II. This conflict seemed to carry on interminably. On this day, the US Forces, under the UN umbrella, launched Operation  Ripper in 1951. This operation would recapture the South Korean capital of Seoul for the second time. The Korean War would continue until 1953 when two major events occurred: Joseph Stalin, the hard-core dictator of the Soviet Union and developer of the communist expansion scheme, died. The second event that brought this war to a armistice was the election, in 1952, of General Dwight D. Eisenhower, leader of the Allies in Europe during World War II, was elected President. The Korean peninsula remains a hotspot in today’s world.

fbi-most-wanted-fbi_gov_1

Two major law enforcement events also occurred on this day. In 1950, J. Edgar Hoover issued the FBI’s first "10 Most Wanted" list. This list identified those fugitives from justice that were considered the greatest threat to society at any moment. It would help promote capture of the FBI’s "toughest guys" by eliciting info from the American people. The second legal event on this day occurred in 1964 when Jack Ruby was sentenced to death for the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald, the suspected assassin of President John F. Kennedy. A Texas Court of Appeal would overturn the verdict and ordered a new trial. Ruby would die of lung cancer in 1967 while awaiting his new trial.

And now a piece of trivia for the day. Who was the first president to file an income tax return? The answer is Warren G. Harding, president from 1921 to 1923. He was associated with cronies from Ohio who were corrupt; they were convicted and sent to prison! The "Teapot Dome" scandal occurred during his administration and he was known to have at least four affairs during his time in office; Clinton’s indiscretions may not be all that bad! Overall, Harding is considered to be one of the worse presidents that we have had in this country.

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1745 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Jack Ruby:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/j/jack_ruby.html ]

    

“Maybe something can be saved, something can be done.”
— Jack Ruby

“Someone had to do it. That son of a bitch killed my President.”
— Jack Ruby

“I am as innocent regarding any conspiracy as any of you gentlemen in the room.”
— Jack Ruby

“It may not be too late, whatever happens, if our President, Lyndon Johnson, knew the truth from me. But if I am eliminated, there won’t be any way of knowing.”
— Jack Ruby

“Jackie Kennedy was magnificent in the days and weeks immediately following her husband’s assassination. She was especially wonderful to me.”
— Pierre Salinger

“I have been used for a purpose, and there will be a certain tragic occurrence happening if you don’t take my testimony and somehow vindicate me so my people don’t suffer because of what I have done.”
— Jack Ruby

    

Notable Events of the Day: March 14th…

    

    
Noteworthy Events on this Day:

  • In 1743…
    The first recorded town hall meeting in America occurs at Faneuil Hall in Boston. Town hall meetings will spread throughout the New England colonies, a form of democracy still in use today. Everybody in a town community is invited to attend, not always to voice their opinions, but to hear the responses from public figures and (if applicable) elected officials about shared subjects of interest. Attendees rarely voted on an issue or proposed an alternative to a situation. It is not used outside of this secular context.

  • In 1783…
    George Washington writes his Newburgh Address, urging the Army not to revolt over a lack of pay. Washington, in response to a letter from Alexander Hamilton said that while he sympathized both with the plight of his officers and men and with those in Congress, he would not use the army to threaten the civil government: a course, which Washington believed, would violate the principles of republicanism for which they had all been fighting.

  • In 1794…
    Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin, a device to remove seeds from raw cotton. The cotton gin will make the crop extremely profitable in the southern United States and, according to many historians, perpetuate the institution of slavery.

  • In 1923…
    Warren G. Harding becomes the first president to file an income tax report.

  • In 1927…
    Elsie Eaves becomes the first woman elected as a full member of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Seventy-six years later, Patricia D. Galloway will become the first female president of the ASCE. The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) is a tax-exempt professional body founded in 1852 to represent members of the civil engineering profession worldwide.

  • In 1950…
    The FBI’s “Ten Most Wanted” Fugitives" program begins. The list arose from a conversation held in late 1949 between J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the FBI, and William Kinsey Hutchinson, International News Service (the predecessor of the United Press International) Editor-in-Chief, who were discussing ways to promote capture of the FBI’s "toughest guys".

  • In 1951…
    United Nations forces, led by the U.S. troops, recapture Seoul during the Korean War. Operation Ripper was a United Nations military operation conceived by the commander US Eighth Army, General Matthew B. Ridgway, during the Korean War. The operation was intended to destroy as much as possible of the Chinese communist People’s Volunteer Army and North Korean military around Seoul.

  • In 1964…
    A jury in Dallas sentences Jack Ruby to death for the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged assassin of President John F. Kennedy. The Texas Court of Appeals will overturn the verdict, and Ruby will die of lung cancer in a Dallas hospital in January 1967 while awaiting a new trial.

  • In 1995…
    U.S. astronaut Norman Thagard is the first American to travel aboard a Russian rocket, lifting off on a Soyuz spacecraft with two cosmonauts, bound for a 115-day mission at the Mir space station. Mir was the first modular space station and had a greater mass than that of any previous spacecraft, holding the record for the largest artificial satellite orbiting the Earth until its deorbit on 21 March 2001.

    

FBI’s "10 Most Wanted" Turns 60…  (3:48)
It was 60 years ago this month that the FBI’s "10 Most Wanted Fugitives" program was started. Fernando Suarez gets a behind the scenes looks at it’s history and evolution.

    

    

References

    

Previously Posted Topics:

Prof. Boerner’s Exploration: George Washington: Newburgh Address…
http://www.boerner.net/jboerner/?p=9571

Prof. Boerner’s Exploration: Eli Whitney: Patents the Cotton Gin (Cotton Engine)…
http://www.boerner.net/jboerner/?p=17602

Prof. Boerner’s Exploration: JFK Assassination Aftermath: Jack Ruby Shoots Oswald…
http://www.boerner.net/jboerner/?p=15359

Wikipedia: FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives…
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FBI_Ten_Most_Wanted_Fugitives

Wikipedia: Operation Ripper: UN Military Korean War Operation…
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Ripper

Wikipedia: Newburgh Address: George Washington Stopped Officer Revolt…
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newburgh_Address

Wikipedia: Town Hall Meeting: An Informal Public Meeting to Discuss Issues…
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Town_hall_meetings