Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

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Again, this day was filled with some pretty important, or at least interesting, historical event in history. One, the assassination of Julius Caesar on the steps of the theatre in Pompeii gave us the famous phrase, "Beware the Ides of March." In the past century, the 20th century, witnessed some important international activities. These included the pursuit of the Mexican leader, Pancho Villa, by General John J. Pershing just before our involvement in World War I, the abdication of Czar Nicolas II (the last Russian Emperor) under the pressures of striking workers and military troops, and the chartering of the American Legion by Congressional action to honor World War I veterans.

Columbus NM

Several events in the entertainment industry also occurred on this day. Julie Andrews and Rex Harrison opened the Broadway version of the Lerner-Lowe musical, "My Fair Lady." Actress Elizabeth Taylor married actor Richard Burton after their steamy affair on the set of "Night of the Iguana" filmed in Mexico; this would be their first marriage to each other. And who can forget that haunting movie, "The Godfather," directed by Francis Ford Coppola? This latter movie won the Academy Award. So, let’s get on with a little closer look at some of these events.

Again, this day was filled with some pretty important, or at least interesting, historical event in history. One, the assassination of Julius Caesar on the steps of the theatre in Pompeii gave us the famous phrase, "Beware the Ides of March." In the past century, the 20th century, witnessed some important international activities. These included the pursuit of the Mexican leader, Pancho Villa, by General John J. Pershing just before our involvement in World War I, the abdication of Czar Nicolas II (the last Russian Emperor) under the pressures of striking workers and military troops, and the chartering of the American Legion by Congressional action to honor World War I veterans.

Soldiers Outside Winter PalaceSeveral events in the entertainment industry also occurred on this day. Julie Andrews and Rex Harrison opened the Broadway version of the Lerner-Lowe musical, "My Fair Lady." Actress Elizabeth Taylor married actor Richard Burton after their steamy affair on the set of "Night of the Iguana" filmed in Mexico; this would be their first marriage to each other. And who can forget that haunting movie, "The Godfather," directed by Francis Ford Coppola? This latter movie won the Academy Award. So, let’s get on with a little closer look at some of these events…

On this day, in 44 B.C., the Roman Emperor for Life, Julius Caesar, was accosted by 60 Senators on the steps of the Pompeii theatre. These Senators were upset at the Imperial ambitions of Julius Caesar that the Senators feared would result in the abandonment of the Roman Republic and the Roman Senate. The Senators, led by Marcus Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus, would take turns stabbing Caesar. This event was foretold by a seer when he told Julius Caesar to "beware the Ides of March." The Ides of March referred to the 15th day of March, May, July, and October; it referred to the 13th day of the other months on the Roman calendar. So the "Ides of March" has become an ominous day for all of us!

Three important international events happened on this day during the 20th century. In 1916, before the U.S. entered the fighting in Europe during World War I, General John J. Pershing lead an army expeditionary force chased Pancho Villa and his Mexican band into Mexico. Among his troops were George Patton, a lieutenant, who would become one of the great Generals of World War II, lead a group of Dodge autos, one of the first armored groups to fight. What triggered this "Border War?" The paramilitary forces of Pancho Villa had attacked the border town of Columbus, New Mexico. Pershing’s Expedition was tasked with pursuing Villa into Mexico to eliminate him, with prejudice, and stop his raiding. It was a fight that prepared the U.S. Army for its activation and deployment to Europe in 1917 to fight in World War I.

Another international event was the end of the czar’s reign over the Russian Empire in 1917. Czar Nicholas II would abdicate and he and his family would be placed in custody by the revolutionaries. The last of the Romanov dynasty would end up executed as the Bolsheviks under the leadership of Lenin took control the country and established the first communist state. What triggered this discontent? Russia’s participation in World War I against the Germans. The Russian people, basically little more than slaves, were inducted into the army and forced to fight in the cold of the Russian winter. The Bolsheviks offered these soldiers an alternative that appealed to this underclass.

My_fair_lady_posterThe third international event took place in 1919. The Congress chartered a new veterans organization, the American Legion, at the bequest of veterans returning from World War I in Europe. Among this group of veterans was the hero of the "Fighting 69th" battle in France and future head of the Office of Strategic Services (the predecessor of the CIA), "Wild Bill" Donovan, the "Father of American Intelligence." He was also a recipient of the Congressional Medal of Honor. The American Legion would serve the needs of the fighting men returning to civilian life after being exposed to the expanded experience of France and the horrors of war.

There were a trio of entertainment events also occurred on this day. In 1956, we witnessed the opening of the Lerner & Lowe musical, "My Fair Lady," starring Julie Andrews and Rex Harrison; these roles were played by Audrey Hepburn and Rex Harrison in the movie version years later. In 1964, we witnessed actress Elizabeth Taylor marry actor Richard Burton for the first of their marriages to each other; this marriage followed their steamy romance while on the set of "Night of the Iguana" in Mexico. And, in 1972, we saw the Academy Award-winning movie of the Corleone family in "The Godfather," adapted from the book by Mario Puzo released in the theaters across the country; the movie was directed by Francis Ford Coppola.

The events of the day entertained us, warned us, and made us sad. We live in a complex world that could well heed that warning of the seer so many years ago: "Beware the Ides of March!" Let us heed that warning…

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1634 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Revolution:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/revolution.html ]

    

“Whoever finishes a revolution only halfway, digs his own grave.”
— Georg Buchner

“Revolution begins with the self, in the self.”
— Toni Cade Bambara

“We’re still in the first minutes of the first day of the Internet revolution.”
— Scott Cook

“And you cannot have a socialist revolution commandeered from the top, ordered around by some omniscient leader or group of leaders.”
— Ernest Mandel

“The Framers of the Constitution knew that free speech is the friend of change and revolution. But they also knew that it is always the deadliest enemy of tyranny.”
— Hugo Black

“We have confirmed something we only knew in theory, namely that revolution, in which uncontrolled and uncontrollable forces operate imperiously, is blind and destructive, grandiose and cruel.”
— Frederica Montseny

    

Notable Events of the Day: March 15th…

    

    
Noteworthy Events on this Day:

  • In 44 B.C…
    On the Ides of March, Julius Caesar, the newly appointed dictator perpetuo of Rome, is fatally stabbed in Pompey’s theater by some 60 senators led by Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus, who hoped Caesar’s murder would preserve the power of the Roman Senate against Caesar’s imperial designs. The soothsayer’s warning "Beware the Ides of March" will be immortalized in William Shakespeare’s 1599 play Julius Caesar.

  • In 1767…
    Andrew Jackson, the seventh U.S. president, is born in the Waxhaw area of South Carolina.

  • In 1781…
    British troops win a Pyrrhic victory at Guilford Courthouse, North Carolina, a battle that helps push them to Yorktown.

  • In 1820…
    Maine becomes the twenty-third state.

  • In 1892…
    In New York State, voting machines are first authorized for use in elections.

  • In 1916… 
    U.S. troops under General John J. Pershing cross the Mexican border in pursuit of Pancho Villa. This was a military operation conducted by the United States Army against the paramilitary forces of Mexican insurgent Francisco "Pancho" Villa from 1916 to 1917.

  • In 1917…
    Nicholas II, the last czar of Russia, abdicates the throne amid pressure from striking workers and military troops stationed in Petrograd during the February Revolution. The czar and his family will be executed in 1918.

  • In 1919…
    The American Legion is founded in Paris by veterans returning from Europe after World War I. This group included "Wild Bill" Donovan, the future head of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) that became the CIA.

  • In 1964…
    Actress Elizabeth Taylor marries actor Richard Burton for the first time in Montreal. The high-profile couple, whose whirlwind romance was often the subject of Hollywood gossip, will divorce in 1974 only to remarry a year later.

    

Ides of March…  (2:11)
The Ides of March is the name of the 15th day of March in the Roman calendar. Julius Caesar, the newly appointed dictator perpetuo of Rome, is fatally stabbed in Pompey’s theater by some 60 senators led by Marcus Junius Brutus.

    

    

References

    

Previously Posted Topics:

Prof. Boerner’s Exploration: Mexican Revolution: Gen. Pershing Pursues Pancho Villa…
http://www.boerner.net/jboerner/?p=17629

Prof. Boerner’s Exploration: The American Legion: Congressional Charter Granted…
http://www.boerner.net/jboerner/?p=9608

Wikipedia: Nicholas II: was the last Emperor of Russia…
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicholas_II

Wikipedia: Elizabeth Taylor: Marries Actor Richard Burton…
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Taylor

Wikipedia: Ides of March: Julius Caesar Assassinated by Senators…
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ides_of_March