Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

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Another day has dawned. On this day, we witnessed a couple events surrounding World War I. Before the entry of U.S. troops into that conflict, we witnessed development of two support units for General Pershing’s expeditionary force seeking the Mexican raiders led by Pancho Villa. Following World War I, this day, in the U.S. Senate, witnessed the second attempt to gain ratification of the Treaty of Versailles was defeated led by Republican forces under the leadership of Henry Cabot Lodge. This marked not only a defeat of the program of President Woodrow Wilson, but also a repudiation of the U.S. as a active participant in the international community of nations.

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This day also witness the manufacture of the one millionth Jeep, that ubiquitous army vehicle, to the U.S. Army. More recently, this day witnessed the start of Operation Iraqi Freedom in the second Persian Gulf War. On the lighter side, this was a day of two major firsts for television: the first Academy Awards Ceremony, hosted by Bob Hope, televised live and later this day would witness the first televising of the day-to-day business of our Congress on C-SPAN. That was this day in history, the 19th of March…

    
A More Detailed Look at Today’s Event History:

The major events of the day took place just before and just after World War I. Prior to that world conflict, taking place mainly in western Europe, we were, in 1916, embroiled in a conflict along the southern borders of the U.S. between Texas and Arizona. Pancho Villa, leading an army of Mexican peasants, would raid towns across the U.S.–Mexico border. One of the most famous of these raids was on the border town of Columbus, New Mexico; during this raid the town was burned to the ground. General John "Black Jack" Pershing and his expeditionary force received orders to pursue and capture and/or kill Pancho Villa. Two new military groups participated in this campaign of the Mexican American War. These two new support units were the motorized cavalry under Lt. George Patton and the founding of the first U.S. air combat force, the First Aero Squadron, based in Columbus, New Mexico; this town was the site of one of Pancho Villa’s more famous border raids. The Aero Squadron served primarily scouting duties during this campaign. They would serve well over France in the conflict taking Place over France.

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Following the end of the First World War in 1919, the United States, England and France would draft the formal treaty that the Germans were forced to sign. This document, the Treaty of Versailles, called for the formation of a League of Nations after the model set forth by Woodrow Wilson in his 14 Points. This treaty was designed to protect and expand the colonial empires of England and France under the guise of create "Protectorates" overseen by each of these powers. The U.S. also received some protectorates, especially in the Pacific, but we were not at that time a colonial power.

The problem, however, was this treaty required ratification by the U.S. Senate, which was in control of anti-Wilson Republicans led by men like Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr. The latter was especially active, in 1920, when this treaty came up for ratification a second time. This Senate action marked not only a defeat of the program of President Woodrow Wilson, but also a repudiation of the U.S. as a active participant in the international community of nations. We would never formally join the League of Nations and we would suffer, along with the democratic countries of Europe, the pains of war again when Adolf Hitler came into power as German Chancellor in 1933.

Two additional military events celebrated milestones on this day as well. In 1952, during the Korean War, the one millionth Jeep was manufactured. The jeep was introduced as an all-purpose, all-terrain vehicle to provide our troops with mobility during World War II and the Korean War. This milestone in the manufacturing of the functional, no-frills vehicle was a celebration of the success of a concept — mobility on the battlefield.

More recently, we witnessed on this day in 2003, the beginning of Operation Iraqi Freedom by President George W. Bush. This operation was part of the second Persian Gulf War and part of the U.S. war on terrorism following the attacks of 9-11 in New York City, Pennsylvania, and the Pentagon in Virginia. Unlike the first Persian Gulf War, this military action was basically an U.S. action with a loose coalition of western European allies, especially the United Kingdom. Also, unlike the first Persian Gulf War, there was no coalition or support by our friends in the Arab world. While successful in removing Saddam Hussein from power, it has not bring real brought democracy or real freedom to that troubled country.

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We also witnessed a couple of firsts in the television arena. In 1953, we witnessed the first live showing of the annual Academy Awards show. This 25th edition of the awards ceremony was hosted for the first time by Bob Hope and was the occasion of Cecil B. DeMilles winning the Best Picture award for "The Greatest Show on Earth." The ceremony was broadcast by NBC Television. Also on this day, in 1979, the country witnessed the first live broadcast of the day-to-day activities of the U.S. House of Representatives; these broadcasts were carried by C-SPAN.

And that was this day in history. It was filled with several significant events that have shaped and molded this great country of ours!

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1574 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Woodrow Wilson:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/w/woodrow_wilson.html ]

    

“A conservative is a man who just sits and thinks, mostly sits.”
— Woodrow Wilson

“A conservative is someone who makes no changes and consults his grandmother when in doubt.”
— Woodrow Wilson

“Absolute identity with one’s cause is the first and great condition of successful leadership.”
— Woodrow Wilson

“A little group of willful men, representing no opinion but their own, have rendered the great government of the United States helpless and contemptible.”
— Woodrow Wilson

“America lives in the heart of every man everywhere who wishes to find a region where he will be free to work out his destiny as he chooses.”
— Woodrow Wilson

“America was established not to create wealth but to realize a vision, to realize an ideal – to discover and maintain liberty among men.”
— Woodrow Wilson

    

Notable Events of the Day: March 19th…

    

    
Noteworthy Events on this Day:

  • In 1831…
    Edward Smith steals $245,000 from the City Bank in downtown New York, the first recorded bank robbery in American history.

  • In 1916…
    The United States uses aircraft to support a military combat mission for the first time, employing eight Curtiss “Jenny” planes to support Brig. Gen. John Pershing’s 7,000 troops who had invaded Mexico in search of revolutionary leader Pancho Villa. Although Villa would never be captured, the First Aero Squadron earned invaluable flying experience during the 11-month mission, which would prove important when the United States entered World War I a year later.

  • In 1920…
    The U.S. Senate votes 49-35 to reject the Treaty of Versailles for the second time, largely because of objections voiced by Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge over the potential for the League of Nations to involve the United States in wars contrary to its own national interest.

  • In 1952…
    The one millionth Jeep, originally produced as a “general purpose” vehicle for the U.S. Army, is manufactured.

  • In 1953…
    Bob Hope hosts the first televised Academy Awards ceremony, as the 25th annual event is broadcast on NBC from the RKO Pantages Theater in Hollywood. Thirty-four million Americans tune in to see Cecil B. DeMille’s The Greatest Show on Earth win for best picture.

  • In 1979…
    Rep. Al Gore, D-Tennessee, is the first U.S. congressman to speak live on C-SPAN, the new cable network instituted to broadcast the proceedings of Congress.

  • In 2003…
    President George W. Bush announces in a televised speech that Operation Iraqi Freedom has begun, an American-led coalition launches a war against Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein with the bombing of Baghdad.

    

On the Trail of the First Aero Squadron…  (10:12)
The squadron was provisionally created as the 1st Aero Squadron of the U.S. Army Signal Corps on 5 March 1913… On 9 March 1916, Villista forces raided Columbus, New Mexico, attacking units of the U.S. 13th Cavalry. The 1st Aero Squadron, consisting of 11 officers, 84 enlisted men, and a civilian mechanic, moved to Columbus by rail. Its first reconnaissance sortie on 16 March. On 19 March 1916, assigned to the punitive expedition commanded by Brig. Gen. John J. Pershing, the squadron flew into Mexico, where it operated until February 1917.

    

References

    

Previously Posted Topics:

Prof. Boerner’s Exploration: Mexican Revolution: Gen. Pershing Pursuit of Pancho Villa…
http://www.boerner.net/jboerner/?p=17629

Prof. Boerner’s Exploration: Woodrow Wilson: Navigating the U.S. into International Waters…
http://www.boerner.net/jboerner/?p=15774

Prof. Boerner’s Exploration: Henry Cabot Lodge: 2nd Rejection of Treaty of Versailles…
http://www.boerner.net/jboerner/?p=17695

Prof. Boerner’s Exploration: Veterans Day: Remembering the War against Terrorism — Iraq…
http://www.boerner.net/jboerner/?p=20484

Wikipedia: 25th Academy Awards: First Televised Ceremony Hosted by Bob Hope…
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/25th_Academy_Awards

Wikipedia: Jeep, A “General Purpose” Vehicle for the U.S. Army…
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeep

Wikipedia: Beginning of the Air Force: 1st Aero Squadron 1913–1921…
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1st_Reconnaissance_Squadron