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Tag: Alabama

Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbOn this day we have seen some major events that have affected the history not only of our own country, but of the family of nations as well. Some of these events were happy ones, like the first Mardi Gras celebrated in New Orleans in 1827. Others dealt with war and preparations for war. Domestically, in 1776 the Continental Congress established the Continental Navy which has grown into the most powerful on earth. On this day in 1991, President George H.W. Bush announced the end of hostilities during the First Gulf War and Operation Desert Storm. But in Germany, in 1933, we witnessed the burning of the seat of the German Parliament, the Reichstag, in Berlin; Chancellor Adolf Hitler blamed it on communists and took the opportunity to declare marshal law. World War II was the consequence of the Nazi leadership’s power grab.

Reichstag Fire

We have seen some important civil rights events occur as well. In 1860, in New York City, Abraham Lincoln delivered his Cooper union speech condemning slavery. This speech brought him to national prominence and led to his election as President of the United States later that year. Also on this day, in 1872, a young African American woman, Charlotte E. Ray, graduated from Howard University and becoming the first African American woman to become a lawyer in this country. She would later  become the first woman admitted to practice law in Washington.

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 860 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Reichstag:

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“In 1930 I became a member of the Reichstag.”
— Hans Frank

“I was lucky because on the morning after the burning of the Reichstag I left my home very early to catch a train to Berlin for the conference of our student organization and that is the only reason why I escaped arrest.”
— Klaus Fuchs

“If there’s another 9/11 or a major war in the Middle-East involving a U.S. attack on Iran, I have no doubt that there will be, the day after or within days an equivalent of a Reichstag fire decree that will involve massive detentions in this country.”
— Daniel Ellsberg

“It was also my idea that the advisory committees of the Academy should replace the legal committees of the German Reichstag, which was gradually fading into the background in the Reich.”
— Hans Frank

“Now, to describe the process of the Wrapped Reichstag, which went from 1971 to ’95, there is an entire book about that, because each one of our projects has its own book. The book is not an art book, meaning it’s not written by an art historian.”
— Christo

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary

Due to injury, this commentary will be added later. Please check back. Thank you.  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2010 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 3382 Words ]

   

Quotations Related to SEGREGATION

“And thus goes segregation which is the most far-reaching development in the history of the Negro since the enslavement of the race.”
— Carter G. Woodson

“As a matter of history, the Fourteenth Amendment was not understood to ban segregation on the basis of race.”
— Cass Sunstein

“Segregation was wrong when it was forced by white people, and I believe it is still wrong when it is requested by black people.”
— Coretta Scott King

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

Commentary

JerryPhoto_8x8_P1010031Today we take a look at the life of Rosa Parks. This brave woman, while slight in structure, made the stand against the Jim Crow laws that created a two class system in the south. We continue this series with one of this women who was involved in one of the triggering events leading to the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.

On the way back home after a hard day at work, Rosa Parks was asked to yield her seat on the bus in Montgomery, Alabama, to a white man. And this was not a request due to intentionally sitting in the white section of the bus! No, she sat in the back section of the bus, but as it progressed along its route, additional white riders boarded and were force to stand while there were empty seats in the Colored section of the bus. Rosa Parks sat in the forward part of the Colored section; at one of the stops, the bus driver, in order to make more seats available for the white riders, moved the demarcation sign behind where Parks was seated.

She was then requested to relocate to the new Colored section. She refused, was arrested, and taken to jail. This triggered the Montgomery Bus Boycott. She did not start out as an activist, but became active after her experience; her life has many valuable lessons for the rest of us. Equity belongs to us all: male or female; black, Hispanic, or white; sexual preference; or any other dimension that distinguishes one person from anotherGLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2010 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

Special Tribute

Rosa Parks in RotndaOctober 30, 2005
Civil rights icon Rosa Parks, who was arrested 50 years earlier for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white man, is the first woman and second African American to lie in honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda.

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Quotations Related to ROSA PARKS

“Our mistreatment was just not right, and I was tired of it.”
— Attributed to Rosa Parks

“I would like to be known as a person who is concerned about freedom and equality and justice and prosperity for all people.”
— Rosa Parks

“I knew someone had to take the first step and I made up my mind not to move.”
— Attributed to Rosa Parks

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