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Tag: Andrew Jackson

Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumb

Again, this day was filled with some pretty important, or at least interesting, historical event in history. One, the assassination of Julius Caesar on the steps of the theatre in Pompeii gave us the famous phrase, "Beware the Ides of March." In the past century, the 20th century, witnessed some important international activities. These included the pursuit of the Mexican leader, Pancho Villa, by General John J. Pershing just before our involvement in World War I, the abdication of Czar Nicolas II (the last Russian Emperor) under the pressures of striking workers and military troops, and the chartering of the American Legion by Congressional action to honor World War I veterans.

Columbus NM

Several events in the entertainment industry also occurred on this day. Julie Andrews and Rex Harrison opened the Broadway version of the Lerner-Lowe musical, "My Fair Lady." Actress Elizabeth Taylor married actor Richard Burton after their steamy affair on the set of "Night of the Iguana" filmed in Mexico; this would be their first marriage to each other. And who can forget that haunting movie, "The Godfather," directed by Francis Ford Coppola? This latter movie won the Academy Award. So, let’s get on with a little closer look at some of these events.

Again, this day was filled with some pretty important, or at least interesting, historical event in history. One, the assassination of Julius Caesar on the steps of the theatre in Pompeii gave us the famous phrase, "Beware the Ides of March." In the past century, the 20th century, witnessed some important international activities. These included the pursuit of the Mexican leader, Pancho Villa, by General John J. Pershing just before our involvement in World War I, the abdication of Czar Nicolas II (the last Russian Emperor) under the pressures of striking workers and military troops, and the chartering of the American Legion by Congressional action to honor World War I veterans.

Soldiers Outside Winter PalaceSeveral events in the entertainment industry also occurred on this day. Julie Andrews and Rex Harrison opened the Broadway version of the Lerner-Lowe musical, "My Fair Lady." Actress Elizabeth Taylor married actor Richard Burton after their steamy affair on the set of "Night of the Iguana" filmed in Mexico; this would be their first marriage to each other. And who can forget that haunting movie, "The Godfather," directed by Francis Ford Coppola? This latter movie won the Academy Award. So, let’s get on with a little closer look at some of these events…

On this day, in 44 B.C., the Roman Emperor for Life, Julius Caesar, was accosted by 60 Senators on the steps of the Pompeii theatre. These Senators were upset at the Imperial ambitions of Julius Caesar that the Senators feared would result in the abandonment of the Roman Republic and the Roman Senate. The Senators, led by Marcus Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus, would take turns stabbing Caesar. This event was foretold by a seer when he told Julius Caesar to "beware the Ides of March." The Ides of March referred to the 15th day of March, May, July, and October; it referred to the 13th day of the other months on the Roman calendar. So the "Ides of March" has become an ominous day for all of us!

Three important international events happened on this day during the 20th century. In 1916, before the U.S. entered the fighting in Europe during World War I, General John J. Pershing lead an army expeditionary force chased Pancho Villa and his Mexican band into Mexico. Among his troops were George Patton, a lieutenant, who would become one of the great Generals of World War II, lead a group of Dodge autos, one of the first armored groups to fight. What triggered this "Border War?" The paramilitary forces of Pancho Villa had attacked the border town of Columbus, New Mexico. Pershing’s Expedition was tasked with pursuing Villa into Mexico to eliminate him, with prejudice, and stop his raiding. It was a fight that prepared the U.S. Army for its activation and deployment to Europe in 1917 to fight in World War I.

Another international event was the end of the czar’s reign over the Russian Empire in 1917. Czar Nicholas II would abdicate and he and his family would be placed in custody by the revolutionaries. The last of the Romanov dynasty would end up executed as the Bolsheviks under the leadership of Lenin took control the country and established the first communist state. What triggered this discontent? Russia’s participation in World War I against the Germans. The Russian people, basically little more than slaves, were inducted into the army and forced to fight in the cold of the Russian winter. The Bolsheviks offered these soldiers an alternative that appealed to this underclass.

My_fair_lady_posterThe third international event took place in 1919. The Congress chartered a new veterans organization, the American Legion, at the bequest of veterans returning from World War I in Europe. Among this group of veterans was the hero of the "Fighting 69th" battle in France and future head of the Office of Strategic Services (the predecessor of the CIA), "Wild Bill" Donovan, the "Father of American Intelligence." He was also a recipient of the Congressional Medal of Honor. The American Legion would serve the needs of the fighting men returning to civilian life after being exposed to the expanded experience of France and the horrors of war.

There were a trio of entertainment events also occurred on this day. In 1956, we witnessed the opening of the Lerner & Lowe musical, "My Fair Lady," starring Julie Andrews and Rex Harrison; these roles were played by Audrey Hepburn and Rex Harrison in the movie version years later. In 1964, we witnessed actress Elizabeth Taylor marry actor Richard Burton for the first of their marriages to each other; this marriage followed their steamy romance while on the set of "Night of the Iguana" in Mexico. And, in 1972, we saw the Academy Award-winning movie of the Corleone family in "The Godfather," adapted from the book by Mario Puzo released in the theaters across the country; the movie was directed by Francis Ford Coppola.

The events of the day entertained us, warned us, and made us sad. We live in a complex world that could well heed that warning of the seer so many years ago: "Beware the Ides of March!" Let us heed that warning…

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1634 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Revolution:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/revolution.html ]

    

“Whoever finishes a revolution only halfway, digs his own grave.”
— Georg Buchner

“Revolution begins with the self, in the self.”
— Toni Cade Bambara

“We’re still in the first minutes of the first day of the Internet revolution.”
— Scott Cook

“And you cannot have a socialist revolution commandeered from the top, ordered around by some omniscient leader or group of leaders.”
— Ernest Mandel

“The Framers of the Constitution knew that free speech is the friend of change and revolution. But they also knew that it is always the deadliest enemy of tyranny.”
— Hugo Black

“We have confirmed something we only knew in theory, namely that revolution, in which uncontrolled and uncontrollable forces operate imperiously, is blind and destructive, grandiose and cruel.”
— Frederica Montseny

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbMany of our featured postings for today focus upon the subject of war. These battles range from the needless, to the unjust, to the idealistic. And the final one is the one that actually brought Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation a reality of a huge portion of our citizens. We have been fighting these wars ever since we won our independence from the British in 1783 when we signed the Treaty of Paris.

CrazyHFight

In most of these cases, these battles created American heroes. General Andrew Jackson became an instant folk hero following his heroics during the Battle of New Orleans; this battle, ironically, was unnecessary since it occurred after the Treaty of Trent had been signed that ended the War of 1812. One of the sad points in American history was our treatment of the Native American tribes, as exemplified by the defeat of Crazy Horse at the Battle of Wolf Mountain. But we do not remember the leaders of that U.S. Cavalry unit, but we do remember Crazy Horse as a hero of Native American rights!

More recently, we have to remember the attempt of Woodrow Wilson to create a new world order following World War I through his Fourteen Points. These points created a framework for a just peace that remove the need for more wars — the War to End Wars. As a result of the isolationist mood of the U.S. Congress and the imperial ambitions of the British and French leadership, these Fourteen Points were bypassed to impose a vindictive, punitive settlement upon Germany in the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. This treaty called for the creation of the League of Nations, as a forum for the peaceful settlement of disputes; our own Senate failed to ratify this treaty and therefore did not join the League of Nations. Win a little, lose a lot!

The event that is the high point of these posts is the “War on Poverty” program proposed by President Lyndon B. Johnson (LBJ) in his State of the Union speech in 1964. This proposal created the Great Society set of programs that brought about the realization of Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation of 100 years ago. This program would provide rights to all Americans, including Voting Rights, Equal Treatment under the Law, the Ending of Segregation in the South, etc. It was probably one of the most significant programs since the New Deal of Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Fair Deal of Harry S. Truman.

NAACP Turns 100

So let us take a look at these notable events that occurred on this day, including some that we have not highlighted… GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 961 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Lyndon B. Johnson:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/l/lyndon_b_johnson.html ]

    

“A man without a vote is man without protection.”
— Lyndon B. Johnson

“A President’s hardest task is not to do what is right, but to know what is right.”
— Lyndon B. Johnson

“Education is not a problem. Education is an opportunity.”
— Lyndon B. Johnson

“I am a freeman, an American, a United States Senator, and a Democrat, in that order.”
— Lyndon B. Johnson

“I am concerned about the whole man. I am concerned about what the people, using their government as an instrument and a tool, can do toward building the whole man, which will mean a better society and a better world.”
— Lyndon B. Johnson

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary:

JerryPhotoAndrew Jackson was an interesting man. He was the first President who was not among the Founding Fathers. He was the first President born west of the Appalachian Mountains in a log cabin. And he was a populist elected by the new Democratic Party. In a word, he “revolutionized” the Presidency!

While in office, Jackson supported several populist policies. These included awarding jobs through the spoils system, eliminating the Electoral College to elect the President via the popular vote, and eliminate the National Bank. His most controversial policies were his defense of Slavery and the Indian Removal (Genocide) programs. While in office, he was powerful enough to carry these out, but they would be attacked by later administrations.

JacksonAssassinationAttempt

But, let’s jump into our exploration now…  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 3813 Words ]
    

   

Quotations Related to ANDREW JACKSON:

    

“One man with courage makes a majority.”
— Andrew Jackson

“There are no necessary evils in government. Its evils exist only in its abuses.”
— Andrew Jackson

“In a free government the demand for moral qualities should be made superior to that of talents.”
— Andrew Jackson

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary:

JerryPhotoAs we remember the elements of the Missouri Compromise of 1820, Slavery was prohibited in the western territories north of the parallel 36°30′ north. Slavery had previously been prohibited in the Northwest territories. So, when Dred Scott’s owner was assigned to posts in Illinois and Wisconsin, Dred Scott believed that he should be declared a free man. When his owner returned to Missouri, a Slave state, Scott filed a lawsuit for his freedom.

In 1837 Jackson was President and Taney was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Both Men were pro-slavery. In this context the court considered Dred Scott’s case. Through a series of suits, the high court did not hand down its decisions until this day in 1857. The net outcome was that Dred Scott did not have legal standing as a citizen, was not permitted to sue in the courts, and that parts of the Missouri Compromise were unconstitutional. This was a major setback for the abolitionists!

Buchanan's Inauguration 2003001r

Buchanan, President at the time of this decision, was satisfied with this decision. The Democrats had sought to eliminate the anti-slavery elements from the Missouri Compromise for years and here it was. Slavery would not be ended until the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments were added to the Constitution after the Civil War.

It’s time to jump into todays exploration of the Dred Scott Case and the three Presidents and Chief Justice so closely associated with it…  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 4145 Words ]
    

   

Quotations Related to SLAVERY:

    

“Slavery and freedom cannot exist together.”
— Ernestine L. Rose

“Slavery discourages arts and manufactures.”
— George Mason

“Slavery exists. It is black in the South, and white in the North.”
— Andrew Johnson

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