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Tag: Assassination

Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbAfter looking back at the importance of books, it is interesting to look at the various events that have occurred on this day in history. This was the day that witnessed the publication of that great American novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Scarlet Letter. It was also a great day in the history of space travel and exploration, witnessing the launch of the first liquid-fueled rocket by Robert Goddard, the "Father of Modern Rocketry." It was also the day, thirty-five years later, that honored that pioneer in rocketry with the naming of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. It also marked the first American visit to the Soviet’s Mir Space Station by Astronaut Norman Thagard.

West Point, NY_US Military Academy

The U.S. Military Academy (West Point) was founded on this day while we also learned about the first major atrocity of the Vietnam War, the My Lai Massacre, led by Lt. William Calley who was convicted of murdering 22 civilians, but served less than four years for his offense; this was a miscarriage of justice! Finally, this day witnessed the announcement that Robert Kennedy would run for the U.S. Presidency only to be assassinated after winning the California primary less than three months later. This day was also marked the day that former Italian Prime Minister, Aldo Moro, was kidnapped by members of the Red Brigades; he would be found dead 55 days later after the Italian government refused to negotiate with the kidnappers. So this was quite an eventful day…

Hester_Prynne

On this day in 1802, the U.S. Congress founded the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York. This academy would be used to train potential young officers in military science. Some of the outstanding graduates included Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, George Armstrong Custer, Jefferson Davis, Douglas MacArthur, and Dwight D. Eisenhower. This was, indeed, a watch list of our greatest generals. To set this event into a historical perspective, this academy was established just a year before Thomas Jefferson commissioned Lewis & Clark to explore the western lands along the Missouri River. It was also two years before the Louisiana Purchase of lands west of the Mississippi River to the boundaries of the Spanish holdings in North America. These two events would be linked together during the settlement of those western lands following the Civil War.

On this day in 1850, that great American novelist, Nathaniel Hawthorne, published the novel, The Scarlet Letter. This novel was based upon the male-centered, religiously bigoted society of the Massachusetts Colony. It portrayed the harsh treatment of a young woman who was considered immoral and who refused to identify her companion. Ironically, but not unexpectedly, the male companion was one of the religious leaders of the colony who failed to admit to his misdeed! So much has not changed in society since then, hasn’t it?

This was a great day for the "Father of Modern Rocketry," the American physicist Robert Goddard. In 1926 he launched his first liquid-fueled rocket. This rocket technology would be used by the great German rocket scientist, Wehrner von Braun, and later American rocket scientist, especially those at the fledgling California Institute of Technology, Cal Tech. In 1961, exactly 35 years after Goddard’s first successful rocket launch, the new NASA research facility, the Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland, was named in Goddard’s honor. Ultimately, through Goddard’s research, the development of the V-2 rocket by von Braun, and the work of the Cal Tech researchers, the United States would launch its first successful satellite in the early 1958 to recover from the embarrassment from the Soviet’s launch of Sputnik I in 1957. We started to recover from the embarrassment of the Soviet’s space first.

Kennedy_brosThis was also a day of shame on several fronts. On this day, in 1968, Senator Robert Kennedy announced that he would run for the U.S. Presidency for the Democratic Party. Less than three months later, Kennedy would be killed by the assassin Shirhan Shirhan in the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles after finding out that he had won the California primary election. This was a sad day for the Kennedy family and a sad day for the American people.

Also, on this day in 1968, the worse atrocity of the Vietnam War would occur at Mỹ Lai. Several hundred unarmed civilians by a platoon of soldiers led by Lt. William Calley. The Mỹ Lai Massacre would be covered up for about a year and a half later; Calley would be convicted of killing twenty-two civilians, but would only serve less than four years. This was not justice!

On this day, in 1978, the former Prime Minister of Italy, Aldo Moro, was kidnapped by terrorist from the Red Brigade and held for ransom. When the Italian government refused to negotiate for Moro’s release, his body was found fifty-five days later. This was the beginning of a wave of terror in Italy and other parts of Europe.

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1501 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Robert F. Kennedy:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/r/robert_kennedy.html ]

    

“I believe that, as long as there is plenty, poverty is evil.”
— Robert Kennedy

“Now I can go back to being ruthless again.”
— Robert Kennedy

“One-fifth of the people are against everything all the time.”
— Robert Kennedy

“Let us dedicate ourselves to what the Greeks wrote so many years ago: to tame the savageness of man and make gentle the life of this world.”
— Robert Kennedy

“I was the seventh of nine children. When you come from that far down you have to struggle to survive.”
— Robert Kennedy

“All of us might wish at times that we lived in a more tranquil world, but we don’t. And if our times are difficult and perplexing, so are they challenging and filled with opportunity.”
— Robert Kennedy

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Written by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Commentary:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumb_thumbEvery time I come to this day, just before the traditional Thanksgiving Day, I think of those events of November 22, 1963. What happened? An assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, fired on the Kennedy motorcade as it entered Dealy Plaza in Dallas, TX. He took his shot from the Texas School Book Depository and fatally injured President John F. Kennedy. This started a series of events that changed our nation.

John_F_Kennedy_Official_PortraitUpon his death, Lyndon Baines Johnson was sworn in as president. During his term in office, we would see the Vietnam War escalate and become part of our 6:00 PM dinner routine. We would see the African Americans, lead by Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., march for racial equality in fact, not just in theory. He would fight against the Jim Crow Laws, Racial Segregation, Jobs and the End of the Vietnam War. He was assassinated in 1968 by James Earl Ray in Memphis, TN.

John F. Kennedy’s brother, Robert Francis Kennedy served in his older brother’s administration as Attorney General, fought against corruption and the mob. He won a seat in the United States Senate from New York. He ran for the presidency in 1968. After winning the California primary election, he was assassinated by Sirhan Sirhan in the kitchen of the Ambassador hotel in Los Angeles.

All three of these men would be assassinated during the 1960s. While this memorial is about John F. Kennedy, but we should not forget these other leaders for the equality of races in America. We should also not forget those who died in the war in Vietnam or in the quest of space travel to the moon.

So let us proceed to explore some of my reflections of that fateful day in November… GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1539 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to John F. Kennedy:

    

“America has tossed its cap over the wall of space.”
— John F. Kennedy

“A child miseducated is a child lost.”
— John F. Kennedy

“A man may die, nations may rise and fall, but an idea lives on.”
— John F. Kennedy

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary

JerryPhotoI don’t know what shocked us more — the assassination of President Kennedy or the blatant. We were still in shock from JFK’s assassination when Jack Ruby shot and killed Lee Harvey Oswald only two days after his capture. And in a police station, no less. The question of how he go into a close enough proximity is still unanswered.

Also, conspiracy groups have aligned Ruby with many opponents of JFK, but organized crime links appear to have relevance. Arguments have been made FOR and AGAINST such links to Ruby, but Ruby steadfastly claimed that he had acted alone.

Will we ever solve this dilemma? Probably not. But we have tried to present some information to help you understand these issues a little better.  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2010 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 2989 Words ]

   

Quotations Related to JACK RUBY

“Maybe something can be saved, something can be done.”
— Jack Ruby

“Someone had to do it. That son of a bitch killed my President.”
— Jack Ruby

“I am as innocent regarding any conspiracy as any of you gentlemen in the room.”
— Jack Ruby

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary

JerryPhotoToday is a sad day in the history of our country — the Assassination of our beloved President, John F. Kennedy. It was a time of great sorrow for us, even if we had not been our first choice for president. I was a young, idealistic college student challenged by his call for service. As a devotee of science, I was further impressed by his call to go to the moon, as the launch of Sputnik I had been my academic awakening a few years previously.

I remember exactly where I was when I heard the news. I had just finished an English 1B class at Cerritos College and had returned to my car to get ready to go to work that Friday morning. And then I heard the announcement: President Kennedy had bee shot! I sat there and cried.

I proceeded on to work, and can still remember the the “shroud of despair” that hung over those customers that weekend. It was as if all hope had been removed, almost like the dementors of the Harry Potter books. We had this inspiring figure who had been senselessly been taken from us.

Last year, we posted on this blog an overview of the assassination. You will find it at: http://www.boerner.net/jboerner/?p=4765. Today, we will extend this to look at the findings of the two main commissions that investigated this tragedy: The Warren Commission and the United States Select Committee on Assassinations. o lets get on with the task.  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2010 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 3626 Words ]

   

Quotations Related to JOHN F. KENNEDY

“A man may die, nations may rise and fall, but an idea lives on.”
— John F. Kennedy

“A nation that is afraid to let its people judge the truth and falsehood in an open market is a nation that is afraid of its people.”
— John F. Kennedy

“And so, my fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.”
— John F. Kennedy

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary

Due to injury, this commentary will be added later. Please check back. Thank you.  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2010 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 3996 Words ]

   

Quotations Related to MUSLIM

“He who becomes a Muslim does so in his own interest.”
— Abu Bakr

“At times one feels that what is being said in the West is that the fact that you are a Muslim predisposes you to this blind, stupid terrorism.”
— Lakhdar Brahimi

“Do not look down upon any Muslim, for even the most inferior believer is great in the eyes of God.”
— Abu Bakr

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary

Due to injury, this commentary will be added later. Please check back. Thank you.  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2010 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 3537 Words ]

   

Quotations Related to THEODORE ROOSEVELT

“A typical vice of American politics is the avoidance of saying anything real on real issues.”
— Theodore Roosevelt

“Absence and death are the same – only that in death there is no suffering.”
— Theodore Roosevelt

“A man who is good enough to shed his blood for the country is good enough to be given a square deal afterwards.”
— Theodore Roosevelt

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary

Due to injury, this commentary will be added later. Please check back. Thank you.  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2010 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 3498 Words ]

   

Quotations Related to ANWAR SADAT

“Peace is much more precious than a piece of land… let there be no more wars.”
— Anwar Sadat

“There is no happiness for people at the expense of other people.”
— Anwar Sadat

“Most people seek after what they do not possess and are enslaved by the very things they want to acquire.”
— Anwar Sadat

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