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Tag: Battle of the Alamo

Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbWe have seen some major events on March 6th over the past two hundred years. In 1836, this day witnessed the storming of the Alamo by Santa Ana’s forces; the 163 Texian defenders were overwhelmed by the Mexican army and most defenders lost their lives. But the Battle of san Jacinto a short time later would see the Texians win their independence and establish the Republic of Texas. The rallying cry for that latter battle was “Remember the Alamo!” The state of Texas would later make the Spanish Mission in San Antonio a historic site.

Fall-of-the-alamo-gentilz_1844

Also on this day we received two life and death decisions from our court system. The first, in 1857, the U.S. Supreme Court found that the slave, Dred Scott, did not have grounds to gain freedom for himself or his family. This led to his continued enslavement and fed the fires of the abolitionists. More recently, in 1951, Ethel and Julius Rosenberg would face the court in their trial as spies for the Soviet Union. They were accused of passing nuclear secrets to the Soviet Union during World War II. They would be convicted and executed in 1953.

A milestone in broadcasting was passed in 1981 when Walter Cronkite, the dean of evening news anchors. On this night, Cronkite who had been the anchor of The CBS Evening News for nineteen years would retire his anchor spot. Dan Rather would take over the evening anchor desk. Cronkite was remembered for his ending of each broadcast with the iconic words, “And that’s the way it is: Friday, March 6, 1981.”

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 906 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Slavery:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/slavery.html ]

    

“Slavery exists. It is black in the South, and white in the North.”
— Andrew Johnson

“Since the days of slavery, if you were a good singer or dancer, it was your job to perform for the master after dinner.”
— Spike Lee

“Slavery can only be abolished by raising the character of the people who compose the nation; and that can be done only by showing them a higher one.”
— Maria W. Chapman

“Should slavery be abolished there, (and it is an event, which, from these circumstances, we may reasonably expect to be produced in time) let it be remembered, that the Quakers will have had the merit of its abolition.”
— Thomas Clarkson

“Pervading nationalism imposes its dominion on man today in many different forms and with an aggressiveness that spares no one. The challenge that is already with us is the temptation to accept as true freedom what in reality is only a new form of slavery.”
— Pope John Paul II

“The North understand it better – they have told us for twenty years that their object was to pen up slavery within its present limits – surround it with a border of free States, and like the scorpion surrounded with fire, they will make it sting itself to death.”
— Robert Toombs

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbThis day was distinguished by a three major events in legal history. In 1803, the United States Supreme Court, under the leadership of Chief Justice John Marshall (one of the Founding Fathers), passed down a series of decisions that helped define the boundaries between federal rights and states rights under our Constitution. Among these decisions, the case of Marbury v. Madison defined the dominance of federal rights over the states in several major areas. This day in 1841 also saw former President John Quincy Adams, the son of our second President, John Adams, defend the rebellious slaves who were being transported aboard the La Amistad before the U.S. Supreme Court. And, finally, this day in 1868 witnessed the Impeachment Trial of President Andrew Johnson before the U.S. House of Representatives for firing his Secretary of War; he would be acquitted by the U.S. Senate later.

Fall of the Alamo

This day also witnessed a couple of significant battles during our country’s history. In 1836, General Santa Anna lead the Mexican forces against the Texan’s using the Alamo as their fortification in San Antonio. These brave Americans were fighting to create an independent Republic in Texas. Santa Anna’s forces stormed the Alamo on March 6th, Killing most of the Alamo’s defenders, including General Travis. Also on this day in 1991, the coalition forces, under a United Nations mandate, began their ground campaign against the forces of Saddam Hussein and his Iraqi troops; the coalition forces were fighting to restore Kuwait’s independence. The well-coordinated forces of the coalition successfully routed the Iraqi troops.

Voice_of_America_Bethany_Relay_Station

On a different note, this day in 1942 found a new shortwave radio broadcast, the Voice of America, beamed into the countries of occupied Europe with news from America. These broadcasts spread the news of what was actually happening in World War II, whether good news for the Allies or bad. This service was later expanded to include the Mediterranean and North Africa theaters as well as the Pacific theater of war. These broadcasts continued during the Cold War and into the present. Broadcasts were in the language of the various cultural and national groups around the world.

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1036 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Sam Houston:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/s/sam_houston.html ]

    

“Texas has yet to learn submission to any oppression, come from what source it may.”
— Sam Houston

“Whether his policy was right or wrong, he built up the glory of the nation.”
— Sam Houston

“A leader is someone who helps improve the lives of other people or improve the system they live under.”
— Sam Houston

“I am aware that in presenting myself as the advocate of the Indians and their rights, I shall stand very much alone.”
— Sam Houston

“I would give no thought of what the world might say of me, if I could only transmit to posterity the reputation of an honest man.”
— Sam Houston

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbThe big events of today in history are the Battle of the Alamo in 1836 and the raising the American flag over the volcanic peak of Mount Suribachi on the desolate Pacific island of Iwo Jima in 1945. Both of these battles were costly in terms of American lives but were fought for vastly different reasons. The Alamo’s defenders represented those brave Americans who had settled in the Texas territory that belonged to the Republic of Mexico; it was part of the attempt to establish a new, independent republic in Texas. These defenders were greatly outnumbered by the forces of General Santa Ana.

6693712895_f0066af024_o

In the Battle for Iwo Jima, our American marines were attempted to take this volcanic atoll from the Japanese in order to set up air bases for the new Boeing B-29s that could carry the air war to the Japanese home islands. These bases were needed by the Army Air Force, but the Japanese defenders fought hard in the defense of the island. On this day, a group of Marines fought their way to the top of Mount Suribachi, the highest point on the island, and raised the American Stars and Stripes; this image became the iconic representation of the island-hopping battles across the Pacific. Within weeks, most of the Marines who had taken this high ground, including the photographer, were dead. Long may we cherish their memory and sacrifice.

Other events of the day included advances in both science and civil rights. In 1857, the German physicist, Heinrich Hertz, was born in Hamburg, Germany. Hertz would be the first person to demonstrate the broadcasting and receiving of electromagnetic waves, radio waves, to the world. This discovery enabled Marconi to build the first radio for which Marconi received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1909. On the home front, school children in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, received the first vaccinations against polio using the vaccine developed by Jonas Salk. This was the beginning of the end of the disease that had disfigured so many, including our President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in previous years.

Eleanor_Roosevelt,_Albert_Sabin,_Jonas_Salk,_and_Basil_O'Connor_at_The_Infantile_Paralysis_Hall_of_Fame_in_Warm_Springs,_Georgia

These were two major advances in science that have changed our world. We no longer have hospitals filled with “iron lungs” to keep unfortunate individuals stricken by polio. And who can imagine a world without radio? Remember, the wireless network connections that we have in cafes, hotels, and our homes would not exist without the pioneering work on radio waves done be Heinrich Hertz. And our cell phones, as well, benefit from this technology.

On the civil rights front, Frank E. Petersen, Jr., a U.S. Marine, was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General (1 Star) in 1979. He became the first Black marine to reach such a rank; he would reach the rank of Lieutenant General (3 Stars) by the time he retired in 1988. One might react with surprise that it has taken so long for a talented Black man to reach such a rank if it were not so sad. We must always be aware of the need to recognize talent where it lies, disregarding color or gender lines!

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1161 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Davy Crockett:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/d/davy_crockett.html ]

    

“Be always sure you are right – then go ahead.”
— Davy Crockett

“I have always supported measures and principles and not men.”
— Davy Crockett

“I would rather be beaten, and be a man, than to be elected and be a little puppy dog.”
— Davy Crockett

“Heaven knows that I have done all that a mortal could do, to save the people, and the failure was not my fault, but the fault of others.”
— Davy Crockett

“The enemy fought with savage fury, and met death with all its horrors, without shrinking or complaining: not one asked to be spared, but fought as long as they could stand or sit.”
— Davy Crockett

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary:

JerryPhotoYesterday we explored the circumstances under which the Battle of the Alamo was fought. It was the opening skirmish in the war for an independent Republic of Texas. After Mexico became an independent country and free fron the Spanish new world empire, it defined new state boundaries; Tejas was combined with the territory of Coahuila. The capitol of this state was located in Saltillo, about 500 miles from the center of Texas decision-making, San Antonio. This made Texas essentially the “step-sister” of Coahuila.

The Mexican assault against the rebellious Texians was led by Mexico’s President – Dictator, Santa Anna. The Texians were led by Sam Houston who sent William Travis, Jim Bowie, and Davy Crockett to lead the resistance in the Alamo Mission on the outskirts of San Antonio. Most of the troops assigned to protect the mission were lost in that 13 day battle. But Houston would rally another force that defeated Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto.

Fall-of-the-alamo-gentilz_1844

What can we learn from these brave frontiersmen who tamed the wilds of Texas, won its independence from Mexico, formed the Republic of Texas before becoming part of the the United States? We learn that men with a quest for freedom can tame a wild land and create a civil society, consistent with John Locke and our Founding Fathers. We need to study the passions upon which our country was founded and apply them to our political polarities that are crippling our government today.

Let’s proceed in our exploration of the combatants involved in the Battle of the Alamo…  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 4234 Words ]

   

Quotations Related to SAM HOUSTON:

    

“Texas has yet to learn submission to any oppression, come from what source it may.”
— Sam Houston

“Whether his policy was right or wrong, he built up the glory of the nation.”
— Sam Houston

“A leader is someone who helps improve the lives of other people or improve the system they live under.”
— Sam Houston

continue reading…

Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary:

JerryPhotoIn 1836, less than 200 settlers from the U. S. in the Mexican area of Texas faced a force of 1500 soldiers under the direction of President Santa Anna. This stand took place in the Alamo Mission outside of today’s San Antonio. over a thirteen day period, the brave American expatriates held off the larger force of soldiers valiantly before being overrun and going down to defeat; all but a small group of women and children were killed, including Jim Bowie, Davy Crocket, and William Travis.

Santa Anna’s forces were eventually defeated at the Battle of San Jacinto. Sam Houston and the Texans rallied to the battle cry we remember so well: “Remember the Alamo…”. Texas won their independence from Mexico and created the separate country of the Republic of Texas. It would eventually become a state as part of the great United States of America!

Alamo Memorial-5478

What can we learn from this series of events? The main lesson is that a dedicated, brave group of patriots can stand successfully against a larger, well-armed opponent. We saw this repeatedly during World War II, and we remember the names of these brave men when we read the names of soldiers who earned the Congressional Metal of Honor. I feel this every time that I visit the Metal of Honor at our local Riverside National Cemetery. These names represent men who gave their all, often including their own lives, during their defense of our freedom.

We have rallied to many battle cries during the life of our country. These include: “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death…”, “Remember the Alamo…”, “Remember the Maine…”, and “Remember Pearl Harbor…”. May we always stand together to defend our liberties!

So let’s explore the Battle of the Alamo…  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 4645 Words ]
    

   

Quotations Related to DAVY CROCKETT:

    

“Be always sure you are right – then go ahead.”
— Davy Crockett

“I have always supported measures and principles and not men.”
— Davy Crockett

“I would rather be beaten, and be a man, than to be elected and be a little puppy dog.”
— Davy Crockett

continue reading…