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Prof. Boerner's Explorations

Thoughts and Essays that explore the world of Technology, Computers, Photography, History and Family.


Tag: Dred Scott v. Sandford

Edited by Gerald Boerner


Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbWe have seen some major events on March 6th over the past two hundred years. In 1836, this day witnessed the storming of the Alamo by Santa Ana’s forces; the 163 Texian defenders were overwhelmed by the Mexican army and most defenders lost their lives. But the Battle of san Jacinto a short time later would see the Texians win their independence and establish the Republic of Texas. The rallying cry for that latter battle was “Remember the Alamo!” The state of Texas would later make the Spanish Mission in San Antonio a historic site.


Also on this day we received two life and death decisions from our court system. The first, in 1857, the U.S. Supreme Court found that the slave, Dred Scott, did not have grounds to gain freedom for himself or his family. This led to his continued enslavement and fed the fires of the abolitionists. More recently, in 1951, Ethel and Julius Rosenberg would face the court in their trial as spies for the Soviet Union. They were accused of passing nuclear secrets to the Soviet Union during World War II. They would be convicted and executed in 1953.

A milestone in broadcasting was passed in 1981 when Walter Cronkite, the dean of evening news anchors. On this night, Cronkite who had been the anchor of The CBS Evening News for nineteen years would retire his anchor spot. Dan Rather would take over the evening anchor desk. Cronkite was remembered for his ending of each broadcast with the iconic words, “And that’s the way it is: Friday, March 6, 1981.”

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 906 Words ]


Quotations Related to Slavery:

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“Slavery exists. It is black in the South, and white in the North.”
— Andrew Johnson

“Since the days of slavery, if you were a good singer or dancer, it was your job to perform for the master after dinner.”
— Spike Lee

“Slavery can only be abolished by raising the character of the people who compose the nation; and that can be done only by showing them a higher one.”
— Maria W. Chapman

“Should slavery be abolished there, (and it is an event, which, from these circumstances, we may reasonably expect to be produced in time) let it be remembered, that the Quakers will have had the merit of its abolition.”
— Thomas Clarkson

“Pervading nationalism imposes its dominion on man today in many different forms and with an aggressiveness that spares no one. The challenge that is already with us is the temptation to accept as true freedom what in reality is only a new form of slavery.”
— Pope John Paul II

“The North understand it better – they have told us for twenty years that their object was to pen up slavery within its present limits – surround it with a border of free States, and like the scorpion surrounded with fire, they will make it sting itself to death.”
— Robert Toombs

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Edited by Gerald Boerner



JerryPhotoAs we remember the elements of the Missouri Compromise of 1820, Slavery was prohibited in the western territories north of the parallel 36°30′ north. Slavery had previously been prohibited in the Northwest territories. So, when Dred Scott’s owner was assigned to posts in Illinois and Wisconsin, Dred Scott believed that he should be declared a free man. When his owner returned to Missouri, a Slave state, Scott filed a lawsuit for his freedom.

In 1837 Jackson was President and Taney was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Both Men were pro-slavery. In this context the court considered Dred Scott’s case. Through a series of suits, the high court did not hand down its decisions until this day in 1857. The net outcome was that Dred Scott did not have legal standing as a citizen, was not permitted to sue in the courts, and that parts of the Missouri Compromise were unconstitutional. This was a major setback for the abolitionists!

Buchanan's Inauguration 2003001r

Buchanan, President at the time of this decision, was satisfied with this decision. The Democrats had sought to eliminate the anti-slavery elements from the Missouri Compromise for years and here it was. Slavery would not be ended until the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments were added to the Constitution after the Civil War.

It’s time to jump into todays exploration of the Dred Scott Case and the three Presidents and Chief Justice so closely associated with it…  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 4145 Words ]


Quotations Related to SLAVERY:


“Slavery and freedom cannot exist together.”
— Ernestine L. Rose

“Slavery discourages arts and manufactures.”
— George Mason

“Slavery exists. It is black in the South, and white in the North.”
— Andrew Johnson

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Edited by Gerald Boerner



JerryPhotoAfter winning our country’s independence from the British in two wars, The Revolutionary War and the War of 1812, many of the basic issues laying under the surface the new society. The chief of these issues was Slavery, an issue that laid at the heart of the differences between the northern and southern states. The agrarian, gentile white society of the south was built upon the backs of the black slave population. The industrial north did not necessarily treat their factory laborers great, but the were basically free men. And of course, there were the attitudes of the male society that kept women in a subordinate position!

The westward expansion was just beginning with the land west of the mountains and east of the Mississippi River being settled and seeking statehood. These territories tended to seek statehood with a balance between the northern, non-save states balancing the southern, slave states. This kept most happy. But as the new western areas in the Louisiana Purchase, Texas, and Mexican Cession started seeking statehood, this threatened to break the balance. We had a problem.


When Maine and Missouri sought statehood in 1819, the issue came to a head. The Slave-state block did not want two states entering the Union as Free-states. The Anti-Slave-state block wanted all future states to prohibit the ownership of slaves. This led to some debates in Congress and a couple of attempts at compromise. Finally in 1820 the Missouri Compromise was passed and guided the slavery issues in the growing western territories.

Let’s go straight into our exploration of this issue…   GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 3876 Words ]


Quotations Related to MISSOURI:


“Not one man will the State of Missouri furnish to carry on any unholy crusade.”
— Claiborne Fox Jackson

“The Free State men, myself among them, took it for granted that Missouri was a slave state.”
— Buffalo Bill

“I was losing interest in politics, when the repeal of the Missouri Compromise aroused me again. What I have done since then is pretty well known.”
— Abraham Lincoln

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