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Prof. Boerner's Explorations

Thoughts and Essays that explore the world of Technology, Computers, Photography, History and Family.


Tag: Edward W. Brooke

Edited by Gerald Boerner



JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumbThe 1960s was a groundbreaking era on many fronts. It saw a major push for women’s rights in all areas of life, especially the workplace and in the control of their bodies. Students were pushing for more say in their college education, especially curriculum. The United States was fighting an unpopular war in Southeast Asia — Vietnam. And, of course, there was the demand of African Americans and Hispanics for equal rights in fact, not just in theory. Martin Luther King, Jr. led marches throughout the South against the KKK and Jim Crow Laws. In California, Caesar Chavez was leading Hispanic marchers in the Table Grape Boycott to win better working conditions for California’s migrant field workers..


A new, young president, John F. Kennedy, came on the scene with a new vision for our country. He called for our people to contribute to the betterment of the needy in other countries through Service by Peace Corp volunteers. He called on our science and engineering community to put a man on the moon, and return him safely to earth, by the end of the decade of the 1960s. But he also wanted to help improve the lot of those living in the oft-neglected urban areas of our country. To this end, he proposed a new, cabinet-level Department of Housing and Urban Development. But the Congress dominated by Republicans and conservative Southern Democrats blocked him on this move.

The idea of a separate department to provide better housing to urban dwellers was not dead. The torch was picked up and carried by President Lyndon B. Johnson following the assassination of JFK. Johnson pushed multiple pieces of Civil Rights legislation through the Congress, including the Voting Rights Act. In 1965, he was able to achieve passage of a bill to create the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). As the new cabinet-level Secretary of the department, he appointed the long time urban affairs expert and administrator — Robert C. Weaver. Weaver was confirmed by the Senate and became the first African American Cabinet Member. He paved the way for other African Americans and Hispanics to make their rightful contributions to the government of this great country.


But now, let’s get started with our exploration of the first Secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, who, by the way, was an African American. Weaver was well qualified for the post by his education and experience in government from the time of the Black Cabinet created by FDR during the years of the New Deal. So, let us begin… GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 2670 Words ]


Quotations Related to Urban:

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“Companies operating in urban communities have a tremendous ripple effect.”
— Michael Porter

“Everyone’s looking to the urban scene for inspiration now.”
— Robin Gibb

“How does he support Clinton’s urban agenda? He doesn’t know what it is.”
— Maxine Waters

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Edited by Gerald Boerner



JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumbDuring the struggle, many African Americans rose to lead their people out of subjugation into a relative state of equality. We remember Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman from the 19th century, the Tuskegee Airmen, Jackie Robinson and Jesse Owens from the first half of the 20th century. But the real push came with the Civil Rights movement of the 1960s where the names of Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Jesse Jackson stand out. But there was one man who served in the Black 366th Infantry and grew up in the shadow of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, D.C. — Edward W. Brooke.


Brooke was the first elected African American in the United States Senate. He served two terms in that body after he had been Attorney General for the state of Massachusetts where he fought against organized crime. He was behind many pieces of Civil Rights legislation during Lyndon Johnson’s presidency. He served on the President’s Commission on Civil Disorders and coauthored the Fair Housing Act of 1968.

But Brooke was a Republican and opposed many of the Great Society programs of President Johnson. Brooke was opposed to many of the policies of President Richard Nixon. While a progressive Republican, he was not able to get into the mainstream of the Senate. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2004 and in 2009 he was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal for his work in making men aware of the dangers of breast cancer, which he suffered with. He serves as a model for Carol Mosley Braun, the first women elected to the United States Senate in 1998.

So, it’s time to get on with our exploration of the activities of former Senator Edward W. Brooke… GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 3121 Words ]


Quotations Related to Edward W. Brooke:


“African-American women account for 67 percent of all newly diagnosed female AIDS cases.”
— Elijah Cummings

“I mean, the greatest athletes in the world are African-American.”
— Larry Bird

“Since Bush has been in office, African-American women have fallen behind in terms of income and wages.”
— Donna Brazile

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