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Tag: Indira Gandhi

Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Commentary:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumbOn the world stage, men have been the leaders. This is not because they have been the best or even the best prepared for the tasks of running a country or business. This reflects the laws and privileges of the white male in Western society. Women were treated as property, with no rights of their own except for those bestowed on their husbands; women were the wives, mistresses, and courtesans of the men in their lives. While there were some notable exceptions, such as monarchs like Queen Elizabeth I of England, Queen Victoria of England, Queen Isabella of Spain, and Catherine the Great of Russia, women were not permitted to take their rightful place in Western society.

Amritsar-golden-temple-00

In America, women started their crusade for equality and the vote from the mid-19th century. The Seneca (New York) Conference held in 1848 was a good first step in this process; powerful rights crusaders like Frederick Douglass intervened on the part of women’s rights as well as those of slaves. But women in the U.S. would not gain the vote until the passage of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920. Women since that time have served in the Congress and Statehouses, but none have been elected or even nominated for the Presidency of these United States. The situation was different in other countries.

It took the small country Sri Lanka (Ceylon) to have the first female leader of a country. Sirimaro Bandananaike became Prime minister in 1960. In neighboring India, the third Prime Minister was Indira Gandhi who took office in 1966. And it would be 1969 before Golda Meir started the first of her four terms as Prime Minister of Israel. But it would be at least two decades later before Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister of Great Britain in the 1990s. Angela Merkel would not become the Chancellor of Germany until 2005. We must view these pioneers with great respect and admiration.

Hopefully, this signals a time when women have their own identities and do not need to live in the shadow of a man. As I was doing research on women photographers in the 19th century, they were hard to find. Most of them ran the studios, developed the film, and ran the business. But it was the husband’s name that was on the prints and the studio. Yes, some were recognized on their own, but except for Julia Margaret Cameron of Britain, most of the women who had their name associated with their photography were either not married or Lesbians. Anyway, let’s hope that women can and will take their rightful place in society, not hidden behind (or “under”) a man.

Let get on with our exploration of the life and leadership of India’s Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi… GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 4579 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Indira Gandhi:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/i/indira_gandhi.html ]

    

“Anger is never without an argument, but seldom with a good one.”
— Indira Gandhi

“Forgiveness is a virtue of the brave.”
— Indira Gandhi

“If I die a violent death, as some fear and a few are plotting, I know that the violence will be in the thought and the action of the assassins, not in my dying. If I die a violent death, as some fear and a few are plotting, I know that the violence will be in the thought and the action of the assassins, not in my dying.”
— Indira Gandhi

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbToday has been associated with major athletic events, entertainment figures and political figures. It is a day on which several noteworthy events occurred that had an noticeable effect of our present times. Who today would think of watching a film of a press conference? Who would think of a world without women heads of state? Ours is a time of speed and immediacy and the events of this day foreshadowed these times.

Hughes H-1 Racer

As far as the athletic events are concerned, today saw the first bicycle race, Le Tour de France (the Tour de France) in 1903. It is also the day that saw the oldest athletic rivalry start, Brown University vs. Harvard University in Ice Hockey; Brown won that first contest in 1898 by a score of 6-0. More recently, the shot made by a Notre Dame guard went in with less than 30 seconds to go in a game against the John Wooden-led UCLA Bruins; this was the first loss for the Bruins in 88 games, an NCAA Division 1 record.

On this day we also saw Lucille Ball deliver her first son live on TV on the “I Love Lucy” show in 1953. It is also the day that the Hollywood actor, director, industrialist, and aviator, Howard Hughes, set the cross country speed record, covering the distance from Los Angeles to New York City averaging 322 miles per hour in 1937. This broke the previous record set by the famed Aviator, Charles Lindbergh.

This was also the day on which the 18th century Statesman and Orator, Daniel Webster, was born in 1782. He had a significant impact on American politics in the mid-1800s. In 1955, President Dwight D. Eisenhower held the first Presidential Press Conference on live TV; it was also filmed as a precaution of something going wrong. Finally, this day saw the naming Indira Gandhi to be the Prime Minister of India; she was the first woman to hold that position. This is a significant range of events that have had impact on several areas of our lives.

It is interesting looking at the origin of bicycle racing in 1903 in France. Interesting not because it was novel, which it was not, but interesting because of the motivation behind it. The French newspaper, L’Auto, created the Tour de France in order to sell more newspapers. This race would course through most regions of France, which would catch the fancy of Frenchmen everywhere. And once this interest was captured, it was hoped that they would continue to buy the paper to follow the progress of the race. This race is still an exciting and captivating event for us because it represents an extreme, multi-faceted challenge to the cyclists. While the Olympics occur only once every four years, the Tour de France is an annual event.

Carlos_Nehru

The selection of Indira Gandhi to be India’s Prime Minister in 1966 marked a milestone for women in that country of poverty. While India obtained its independence from British rule in 1948, it went through an upheaval while carrying out the partitioning of the country to move the Muslims to the Pakistan state and the Hindus to India. Much conflict arose during this process which has continued to the present day. Gandhi was well-prepared for the task, being the daughter of the former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and related to Mahatma Gandhi who was instrumental in obtaining independence for his beloved India. She successfully led the country until she was assassinated by Sikh bodyguards in 1984.

So let’s get on with our overview of the events of January 19th… GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1146 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Indira Gandhi:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/i/indira_gandhi.html ]

    

“People tend to forget their duties but remember their rights.”
— Indira Gandhi

“One must beware of ministers who can do nothing without money, and those who want to do everything with money.”
— Indira Gandhi

“You must learn to be still in the midst of activity and to be vibrantly alive in repose.”
— Indira Gandhi

“There exists no politician in India daring enough to attempt to explain to the masses that cows can be eaten.”
— Indira Gandhi

“There are two kinds of people, those who do the work and those who take the credit. Try to be in the first group; there is less competition there.”
— Indira Gandhi

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