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Prof. Boerner's Explorations

Thoughts and Essays that explore the world of Technology, Computers, Photography, History and Family.


Tag: Jim Crow Laws

Written by Gerald Boerner




Welcome, My FB Family…

Warmer night! It was supposed to be in the upper 40s last night and was already 50 degrees when I went to bed at midnight; I woke up this morning to an outside temp of 52, so I don’t know if it got down as low as the weatherman’s crystal ball, I mean, projection model had predicted. I hope that the same does not apply to the high predicted today; an 81 is predicted and I am not ready for higher temps yet!!! Summer will just have to wait as far as I’m concerned.

_Mission Inn_redroofMission Inn: Redroof  (Photo Credit: ©Don O’Neill)

This weekend the temps are supposed to to drop down to the 60s again and a possibility of rain Saturday night. I hope the rain does stay away until the evening, because Grace and I are going to the Downtown Farmer’s Market again, Lord willing and the shuttle comes as requested. It will be interesting to see what they have and an overcast day will be great for photos. We are going to check out a store across from the Mission Inn that handles Don O’Neill’s watercolor prints (postcard size). I love some of the samples that I’ve seen on his web site; O’Neill was a resident of Riverside until he passed in 2008. Many of his paintings are set in and about River City here. Then on to the Mission Inn and especially to the Downtown Public Library. We haven’t been there for many, many years. Again, photo op of Grace in and about the Gazebo from our sister city, Sendai. Looking forward to a great outing…  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 2263 Words ]


Quotations Related to Alaska:

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“America is looking for answers. She’s looking for a new direction; the world is looking for a light. That light can come from America’s great North Star; it can come from Alaska.”
— Sarah Palin

“In one line of his poem he said good fences make good neighbors. I’d like to think that Alaska and British Columbia working together can prove that we can be pretty darned good neighbors without fences.”
— Dan Miller

“A changing environment will affect Alaska more than any other state, because of our location. I’m not one though who would attribute it to being man-made.”
— Sarah Palin

“But again, you know, the views that we’ve expressed are transferring power back from the federal government to the states, giving Alaska an incredible opportunity to expand its economy, especially at a time when our federal government is coming close to bankruptcy.So that is a broad-based appeal. It’s not an extreme view.”
— Joe Miller


My Musings of the Day: March 30th…


Successful Visit to Goeske Center…

Well, yesterday morning we actually got to the Goeske Center, one of Riverside’s Senior Centers. Shuttle bus was a little late, but it came and we got to the Goeske Center. Grace had called the day before and they told us to go to the main desk and someone on duty would give us a tour of the facility. So we followed those instructions; they gave us a brochure of the facility and activities before going on the tour, which was very interesting. The facility is quite large, has a couple of exercise rooms, a couple of large lobby areas for small groups to assemble, and a number of smaller meeting rooms where classes and other groups can meet. There is even a small computer center with six computers hooked up to the Internet.

Goeske Center_Collage-1

As we were talking to the ladies at the front desk, we found out that the center had lost there computer teacher several months ago. So, what do you suppose that Grace did? Volunteer to teach some classes? NO! She volunteered yours truly! Well, I was handed the form for volunteering and I filled it out. You would have thought that Moses had just walked through the door — LOL! Before we left, I talked with the director of the center about it and looks like a may have yet another thing to do — in my spare time! Between researching material for these FB postings for my dear FB family and writing my blog articles, most of my day is occupied. But, I think that I will be able to work in a morning once a week; it probably will not start until June. I’ll keep you informed on this new activity as it becomes clearer.

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Edited by Gerald Boerner



JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbThe story of the Tuskegee Airmen is one of the bright spots in the story about segregated minority military units during World War II. This unit was formed against the wishes of many of the Army Air Force leaders who thought that African American soldiers were did not have the intelligence to learn to fly. However, this group was formed and stationed in the middle of the Jim Crow south. They went through their preliminary training with the intent of “washing” them out before they completed their training.


However, Eleanor Roosevelt, the First Lady, took up their cause. To demonstrate her confidence in their ability, she took to the air with one of the Tuskegee pilots. Following the successful flight, the pressure was on the training personnel to have them complete their training and be deployed to escort duty in the North African invasion, Operation Torch.

They served brilliantly. Although some of the white pilots refused to allow them to escort their bombers on bombing missions, they gained the reputation of staying with their bombers in the face of German Luftwaffe pilots who attempted to down the bombers. It wasn’t long before they were being requested as escorts by the bomber crews. As the war moved north to the airfields in Italy. They continued flying their support missions and excelled once they were equipped with the new North American P-51 fighters. These planes allowed them to escort their bombers all the way into Germany and back.

You may have seen the excellent movie made that depicted the true heroics of these Tuskegee Airmen. Surviving members of the group were awarded the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor by President George W. Bush in recognition of their outstanding service.

But now it’s time to get into our exploration of the trials and successes of these Tuskegee Airmen… GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 3264 Words ]


Quotations Related to Veterans Day:


“I had an idea of who they were, but not to the extent of their contributions.”
— Captain Gonzales

“The more I learned about it, the more I knew that (flying) was what I wanted to do.”
— Captain Edwards, Recruiter

“Their story shouldn’t be reserved just for February. Their story should be celebrated throughout the year.”
— Captain Gonzales

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Edited by Gerald Boerner



JerryPhotoToday we celebrate the birth of the Civil Rights group that was formed to defend African Americans and other religious and ethnic minority groups from unfair and discriminatory law, especially in the South — the NAACP. The founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People on this day was intentional; this is the birthday of Abraham Lincoln, the great emancipator. The NAACP grew out of a prior group, the Niagara Movement, lead by W.E.B. DuBois.

At the start of the 20th century, a new wave of mob attacks against African Americans. The Jim Crow Laws were passed to deprive the same population of their Civil Rights and keep them “in their place”, meaning subservient to the white populace. The NAACP would lead the battle on multiple fronts against this discrimination, such as through legal and passive resistance protests.


These activities would reach fruition in the Brown v. Board of Education decision against school segregation and the protest activities of the 1960s, especially those led by Martin Luther King, Jr.

This posting will provide the reader with a fresh perspective during our observance of Black History Month. So, let’s get on with our exploration of the founding of the NAACP…  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 4071 Words ]


Quotations Related to NAACP:


“I would rather be the candidate of the NAACP than the NRA.”
— John F. Kerry

“Segregation never brought anyone anything except trouble.”
— Paul Harris

“Segregation now, segregation tomorrow and segregation forever!”
— George C. Wallace

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