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Prof. Boerner's Explorations

Thoughts and Essays that explore the world of Technology, Computers, Photography, History and Family.


Tag: Mexico

Edited by Gerald Boerner


Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbWow! This is a day filled with significant events. The most public of these takes place at sunrise time in a small Pennsylvania town, Punxsutawney, on Gobbler’s Knob. This is the time each year when the groundhog, Punxsutawney Phil, emerges from its burrow and predicts the time of the coming spring. Does it accomplish its task? Who cares — the town is covered by national TV and newspapers and brings crowds to the small town. It is big business and a tradition that was started in 1887! In addition, on this day in 1904, the beloved author of so many books that have entertained children for the last century was born. Theodor Geisel, the beloved Dr. Seuss, started life in Massachusetts and became a cartoonist. Our lives have been enriched by his many stories.


On a more historical note, on this day in 1836, Sam Houston and a group of Texians declared their independence from Mexico. After the Texians defeated General Santa Ana and the Mexican Army at the Battle of San Jacinto, an independent country, the Republic of Texas, was created. A dozen years later, after Tyler signed the legislation to annex The Republic of Texas to the United States, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed to end the Mexican American War in 1848. This treaty ceded much of the Mexican territory in the southwest to the United States to give us ownership of most of the land from the Atlantic coast to the Pacific coast. Our nation now spanned the continent.

This day in history also witnessed one of the strange oddities of the electoral process. In the 1877 presidential election, the Democratic candidate, Samuel Tilden, won the majority of the popular vote but lost the presidency! How could this happen? Some political back-room negotiations provided enough electoral votes for the Republican candidate, Rutherford B. Hayes, to elect him the new president by one electoral vote. This was dirty politics of the worse sort, not all that different than the “hanging chad” controversy of the 2000 election.


A couple of major human rights events have occurred on this day. In 1807, Congress passed a law that banned the importation of slaves into our country. The U.S. Constitution provided protection of the slave trade for twenty years as part of one of the compromising made to gain ratification of this new constitution. The new law took effect on January 1, 1808; this law did NOT prohibit slavery, only the importation of new slaves. On this day in 1990, President H.W. de Klerk of South Africa announced the removal of the ban against the anti-apartheid groups, like the African National Congress, and led to the release of Nelson Mandela nine days later. Mandela would become the first president of a non-segregated South Africa.

Finally, this day witnessed the flight, in 1949, of the Lucky Lady II on the completion of a record-setting non-stop flight around-the-world on a Boeing B-50 bomber. This flight took 94 hours with a crew of fourteen and four in-flight refuelings. This was a demonstration of strength to the Soviet Union and occurred one year before the start of the Korean War.

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1461 Words ]


Quotations Related to Sam Houston:

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“A leader is someone who helps improve the lives of other people or improve the system they live under.”
— Sam Houston

“I am aware that in presenting myself as the advocate of the Indians and their rights, I shall stand very much alone.”
— Sam Houston

“I would give no thought of what the world might say of me, if I could only transmit to posterity the reputation of an honest man.”
— Sam Houston

“All new states are invested, more or less, by a class of noisy, second-rate men who are always in favor of rash and extreme measures, but Texas was absolutely overrun by such men.”
— Sam Houston

“In the name of the constitution of Texas, which has been trampled upon, I refuse to take this oath. I love Texas too well to bring civil strife and bloodshed upon her.”
— Sam Houston

“Remember that whatever may be said by a lady or her friends, it is not part of conduct of a gallant or generous man to take up arms against a woman.”
— Sam Houston

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Edited by Gerald Boerner



JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumbTrading Blocs or Free Trade? That has been an ongoing question among nations for many years. It has also spawned many international conflicts. What is the difference between these two forms of trading relationships, you ask. Basically, Trading Blocs establish a priority relationship among certain parties to the bloc at the exclusion or high prices to outsiders. Free Trade, on the other hand, emphasizes the equality of all trading partners. There are no preferential relationships. This boils down to a matter of tariff restrictions to exclude the non-preferred partners from the group.


There generally is not a hard and fast relationship. Trading partners vary over time and are most often modified by armed warfare. There are essentially some countries in each trading group that control precious and/or scarce resources  that are desired by members that don’t hold those resources. This became the basis of conflicts such as the War of 1812 and most of the European wars of the past several centuries.

This particular agreement that we are examining today is between the three major trading partners in North America — the United States, Canada, and Mexico. These three countries have been at odds with each other over the years. Conflicts have arisen, especially between the U.S. and Mexico. This trading pact is NOT between equals, but Mexico has been traditionally the poor relative of the other two nations. Much conflict over this agreement continues to pop up. It will probably take many years for this relationship to gel; the events along the U.S–Mexico border threatens the economic stability promised by the agreement.

But now let’s get on with our exploration of NAFTA and its effects upon the three trading partners… GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 4157 Words ]


Quotations Related to NAFTA:


“It certainly was difficult to sell NAFTA because it’s always difficult to sell open markets.”
— Lawrence Summers

“Since NAFTA was put in place, Mexico has lost 1.9 million jobs and most Mexicans’ real wages have fallen.”
— Stephen F. Lynch

“NAFTA and GATT have about as much to do with free trade as the Patriot Act has to do with liberty.”
— Michael Badnarik

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by Gerald Boerner



Due to injury, this commentary will be added later. Please check back. Thank youGLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2010 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 2664 Words ]


Quotations Related to TEXAS

“According to a study by Achieve Incorporated, Texas is the first state to make a college-prep curriculum the standard coursework in high school, starting with this year’s ninth grade class.”
— Rixk Perry

“All new states are invested, more or less, by a class of noisy, second-rate men who are always in favor of rash and extreme measures, but Texas was absolutely overrun by such men.”
— Sam Houston

“Allowing Texas to display the Ten Commandments on State property but disallowing Kentucky courthouses from doing the same is a poor and flawed interpretation of the U.S. Constitution.”
— Ginny B. White

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