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Prof. Boerner's Explorations

Thoughts and Essays that explore the world of Technology, Computers, Photography, History and Family.


Edited by Gerald Boerner



JerryPhotoToday we celebrate the birth of the Civil Rights group that was formed to defend African Americans and other religious and ethnic minority groups from unfair and discriminatory law, especially in the South — the NAACP. The founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People on this day was intentional; this is the birthday of Abraham Lincoln, the great emancipator. The NAACP grew out of a prior group, the Niagara Movement, lead by W.E.B. DuBois.

At the start of the 20th century, a new wave of mob attacks against African Americans. The Jim Crow Laws were passed to deprive the same population of their Civil Rights and keep them “in their place”, meaning subservient to the white populace. The NAACP would lead the battle on multiple fronts against this discrimination, such as through legal and passive resistance protests.


These activities would reach fruition in the Brown v. Board of Education decision against school segregation and the protest activities of the 1960s, especially those led by Martin Luther King, Jr.

This posting will provide the reader with a fresh perspective during our observance of Black History Month. So, let’s get on with our exploration of the founding of the NAACP…  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 4071 Words ]


Quotations Related to NAACP:


“I would rather be the candidate of the NAACP than the NRA.”
— John F. Kerry

“Segregation never brought anyone anything except trouble.”
— Paul Harris

“Segregation now, segregation tomorrow and segregation forever!”
— George C. Wallace

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Edited by Gerald Boerner



Due to injury, this commentary will be added later. Please check back. Thank you.  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2010 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 3382 Words ]


Quotations Related to SEGREGATION

“And thus goes segregation which is the most far-reaching development in the history of the Negro since the enslavement of the race.”
— Carter G. Woodson

“As a matter of history, the Fourteenth Amendment was not understood to ban segregation on the basis of race.”
— Cass Sunstein

“Segregation was wrong when it was forced by white people, and I believe it is still wrong when it is requested by black people.”
— Coretta Scott King

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Edited by Gerald Boerner



JerryPhoto_8x8_P1010031Today we take a look at the life of Rosa Parks. This brave woman, while slight in structure, made the stand against the Jim Crow laws that created a two class system in the south. We continue this series with one of this women who was involved in one of the triggering events leading to the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.

On the way back home after a hard day at work, Rosa Parks was asked to yield her seat on the bus in Montgomery, Alabama, to a white man. And this was not a request due to intentionally sitting in the white section of the bus! No, she sat in the back section of the bus, but as it progressed along its route, additional white riders boarded and were force to stand while there were empty seats in the Colored section of the bus. Rosa Parks sat in the forward part of the Colored section; at one of the stops, the bus driver, in order to make more seats available for the white riders, moved the demarcation sign behind where Parks was seated.

She was then requested to relocate to the new Colored section. She refused, was arrested, and taken to jail. This triggered the Montgomery Bus Boycott. She did not start out as an activist, but became active after her experience; her life has many valuable lessons for the rest of us. Equity belongs to us all: male or female; black, Hispanic, or white; sexual preference; or any other dimension that distinguishes one person from anotherGLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2010 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

Special Tribute

Rosa Parks in RotndaOctober 30, 2005
Civil rights icon Rosa Parks, who was arrested 50 years earlier for refusing to give up her seat on a bus to a white man, is the first woman and second African American to lie in honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda.

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Quotations Related to ROSA PARKS

“Our mistreatment was just not right, and I was tired of it.”
— Attributed to Rosa Parks

“I would like to be known as a person who is concerned about freedom and equality and justice and prosperity for all people.”
— Rosa Parks

“I knew someone had to take the first step and I made up my mind not to move.”
— Attributed to Rosa Parks

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