Skip to content

Prof. Boerner's Explorations

Thoughts and Essays that explore the world of Technology, Computers, Photography, History and Family.

Archive

Tag: Peace Corps

Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbToday we find a number of significant events in the history of our nation. We also find a couple of major events in the personal lives of a some of our public heroes. And finally, we find a couple events of terrorism in both this country and the United Kingdom. As usual, these events provided a cascade of subsidiary events that helped to create this country as it is now. I hope that we take time on this first day of the new month to contemplate and consider the rich filigree that makes our country a unique blend of peoples, lands, and ideas.

tipislide

In terms of our national history, this day in 1781 found the Articles of Confederation become the first constitution of the new nation forged out of the thirteen American colonies following the Revolutionary War. But the real story is the rich land in which these original colonies, now states, would become a nation of fifty states ranging from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and include the frozen north of Alaska and Pacific paradise of Hawaii. Jefferson started this process with the Louisiana Purchase, but continued to the annexation of the Republic of Texas to the United States in 1845. President Tyler did not acquire this land through treaty, like most of the rest of the west, but through annexation; this did not recognize the right of the Texans to claim that they were legally an independent entity!

This process continued as these lands were explored during the latter part of the 19th century. As the natural beauty of this land became apparent. There was Yellowstone with its geysers, deep canyons, and wildlife. There was the Yosemite Valley in the Sierra-Nevada Mountains in California with its waterfalls and great natural beauty. And, of course, the Grand Canyon of the Colorado River in the Arizona Territory. These natural wonders would be desecrated like the natural wonders of Niagara Falls had been if not protected. This protection was afforded in 1872 by the Yellowstone Act of 1872 signed on this day by President Ulysses S. Grant that would protect the natural wonder that was Yellowstone.

This protection was continued during the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt who used his power to designate National Monuments to protect some of the other wonders of the west. This was used to protect the Grand Canyon, Yosemite, and various Indian relics throughout the west. And, of course, these protections were formalized in 1917 when President Woodrow Wilson signed the law that created the National Parks Service. This agency would help protect wild and scenic regions across this great land of ours. Without this protection, we would not be able to look forward to vacations to see these examples of “eye-candy” on our family vacations!

EagleRock

Other significant events on this day included the creation of the Peace Corps in 1961 by President John F. Kennedy by executive order, the kidnapping of the infant son of aviation hero Charles Lindbergh in 1932, and the retirement of Baseball great Mickey Mantle from the New York Yankees in 1969. These events affected us in various ways. The Peace Corps provided an alternative to the “Ugly American” image of many post-war interactions with the third world nation while at the same time providing our young people with an unprecedented opportunity to serve their nation. From this experience, we have reaped many educators, businessmen, and others dedicated to the service of others. The Lindbergh case, the “Crime of the Century,” resulted in a number of laws designed to protect our population, albeit at the expense of the right of many immigrant groups. And we again realized the role of sports heroes in our national life. Mickey Mantle was the personification of the baseball hero who was, indeed, a nice guy. We need more of his kind in our present day atmosphere of greed exhibited by many of our present sports stars.  

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1382 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Texas:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/texas.html ]

    

“Calling a taxi in Texas is like calling a rabbi in Iraq.”
— Fran Lebowitz

“But I’m a citizen of Texas and try to spend most of my time there.”
— Thomas Haden Church

“I got beat up up in Texas because my bootlaces were the wrong color.”
— Fairuza Balk

“After I left Texas and went to California, I had a hard time getting anyone to play anything that I was writing, so I had to end up playing them myself. And that’s how I ended up just being a saxophone player.”
— Ornette Coleman

“According to a study by Achieve Incorporated, Texas is the first state to make a college-prep curriculum the standard coursework in high school, starting with this year’s ninth grade class.”
— Rick Perry

“All new states are invested, more or less, by a class of noisy, second-rate men who are always in favor of rash and extreme measures, but Texas was absolutely overrun by such men.”
— Sam Houston

continue reading…

Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

     
Commentary:

JerryPhotoThe idea of a volunteer cadre of American young adults banding together as “Missionaries of Democracy” has been around from the early 1950s. It was supported by John F. Kennedy when he was still a member of the House and was also supported by Herbert H. Humphrey. Kennedy advocated the “Peace Corps” in a speech to the students at the University of Michigan during his campaign for president; his opponent, Richard M. Nixon, opposed the proposal as a means of legalizing “draft dodgers” who sought to avoid military service. But the concept was based upon the model successfully employed by “Operation Crossroads Africa”.

When Kennedy was sworn in as President, he signed Executive Order 10924 to create the “Peace Corps”. Kennedy’s brother-in-law, Sargent Shriver, was made the first director of the group and responsible for designing the rules and procedures for the new group. It was seen as a way of creating a “Missionaries of Democracy” to counter the perception, especially in third-world countries, of the “Ugly American” and “American Imperialism”. It trained and placed numerous volunteers around the world to help in educational, health and environmental projects in developing countries. It has continued its mission, with some adjustments, in the years since the early 1960s.

PEACE CORPS VOLUNTEERS 1961 TMH 03/01/2011

We will examine this program briefly and point you to further reading that will help you gain a better perspective of its mission. So let’s get started on this quest straight-away… GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 2158 Words ]
    

 

Quotations Related to Sargent Schriver (1st Director):

    

“Any idealist who tries to join the Peace Corps must realize he is not going to change the world overnight.”
— Sargent Shriver

“Do we talk about the dignity of work? Do we give our students any reason for believing it is worthwhile to sacrifice for their work because such sacrifices improve the psychological and mental health of the person who makes them?”
— Sargent Shriver

“I do not think that the educational program of our schools should be determined by what the community thinks it needs.”
— Sargent Shriver

continue reading…