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Tag: President George W. Bush

Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumb

Another day has dawned. On this day, we witnessed a couple events surrounding World War I. Before the entry of U.S. troops into that conflict, we witnessed development of two support units for General Pershing’s expeditionary force seeking the Mexican raiders led by Pancho Villa. Following World War I, this day, in the U.S. Senate, witnessed the second attempt to gain ratification of the Treaty of Versailles was defeated led by Republican forces under the leadership of Henry Cabot Lodge. This marked not only a defeat of the program of President Woodrow Wilson, but also a repudiation of the U.S. as a active participant in the international community of nations.

Bantam-jeep-1

This day also witness the manufacture of the one millionth Jeep, that ubiquitous army vehicle, to the U.S. Army. More recently, this day witnessed the start of Operation Iraqi Freedom in the second Persian Gulf War. On the lighter side, this was a day of two major firsts for television: the first Academy Awards Ceremony, hosted by Bob Hope, televised live and later this day would witness the first televising of the day-to-day business of our Congress on C-SPAN. That was this day in history, the 19th of March…

    
A More Detailed Look at Today’s Event History:

The major events of the day took place just before and just after World War I. Prior to that world conflict, taking place mainly in western Europe, we were, in 1916, embroiled in a conflict along the southern borders of the U.S. between Texas and Arizona. Pancho Villa, leading an army of Mexican peasants, would raid towns across the U.S.–Mexico border. One of the most famous of these raids was on the border town of Columbus, New Mexico; during this raid the town was burned to the ground. General John "Black Jack" Pershing and his expeditionary force received orders to pursue and capture and/or kill Pancho Villa. Two new military groups participated in this campaign of the Mexican American War. These two new support units were the motorized cavalry under Lt. George Patton and the founding of the first U.S. air combat force, the First Aero Squadron, based in Columbus, New Mexico; this town was the site of one of Pancho Villa’s more famous border raids. The Aero Squadron served primarily scouting duties during this campaign. They would serve well over France in the conflict taking Place over France.

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Following the end of the First World War in 1919, the United States, England and France would draft the formal treaty that the Germans were forced to sign. This document, the Treaty of Versailles, called for the formation of a League of Nations after the model set forth by Woodrow Wilson in his 14 Points. This treaty was designed to protect and expand the colonial empires of England and France under the guise of create "Protectorates" overseen by each of these powers. The U.S. also received some protectorates, especially in the Pacific, but we were not at that time a colonial power.

The problem, however, was this treaty required ratification by the U.S. Senate, which was in control of anti-Wilson Republicans led by men like Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr. The latter was especially active, in 1920, when this treaty came up for ratification a second time. This Senate action marked not only a defeat of the program of President Woodrow Wilson, but also a repudiation of the U.S. as a active participant in the international community of nations. We would never formally join the League of Nations and we would suffer, along with the democratic countries of Europe, the pains of war again when Adolf Hitler came into power as German Chancellor in 1933.

Two additional military events celebrated milestones on this day as well. In 1952, during the Korean War, the one millionth Jeep was manufactured. The jeep was introduced as an all-purpose, all-terrain vehicle to provide our troops with mobility during World War II and the Korean War. This milestone in the manufacturing of the functional, no-frills vehicle was a celebration of the success of a concept — mobility on the battlefield.

More recently, we witnessed on this day in 2003, the beginning of Operation Iraqi Freedom by President George W. Bush. This operation was part of the second Persian Gulf War and part of the U.S. war on terrorism following the attacks of 9-11 in New York City, Pennsylvania, and the Pentagon in Virginia. Unlike the first Persian Gulf War, this military action was basically an U.S. action with a loose coalition of western European allies, especially the United Kingdom. Also, unlike the first Persian Gulf War, there was no coalition or support by our friends in the Arab world. While successful in removing Saddam Hussein from power, it has not bring real brought democracy or real freedom to that troubled country.

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We also witnessed a couple of firsts in the television arena. In 1953, we witnessed the first live showing of the annual Academy Awards show. This 25th edition of the awards ceremony was hosted for the first time by Bob Hope and was the occasion of Cecil B. DeMilles winning the Best Picture award for "The Greatest Show on Earth." The ceremony was broadcast by NBC Television. Also on this day, in 1979, the country witnessed the first live broadcast of the day-to-day activities of the U.S. House of Representatives; these broadcasts were carried by C-SPAN.

And that was this day in history. It was filled with several significant events that have shaped and molded this great country of ours!

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1574 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Woodrow Wilson:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/w/woodrow_wilson.html ]

    

“A conservative is a man who just sits and thinks, mostly sits.”
— Woodrow Wilson

“A conservative is someone who makes no changes and consults his grandmother when in doubt.”
— Woodrow Wilson

“Absolute identity with one’s cause is the first and great condition of successful leadership.”
— Woodrow Wilson

“A little group of willful men, representing no opinion but their own, have rendered the great government of the United States helpless and contemptible.”
— Woodrow Wilson

“America lives in the heart of every man everywhere who wishes to find a region where he will be free to work out his destiny as he chooses.”
— Woodrow Wilson

“America was established not to create wealth but to realize a vision, to realize an ideal – to discover and maintain liberty among men.”
— Woodrow Wilson

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbThis day through the past 150 years, recent history really, has witnessed a number of significant events. Starting with one major international event and four domestic events. The international event, this day, in 1886, witnessed a German patent being awarded to Karl Benz, a German engineer, for a three-wheeled, gasoline-powered vehicle — the “Motorwagen.” This was the first true automobile in the world. It did not really catch on until Benz’ wife made a 65 mile trip to visit her mother using the Motorwagen. She only had to stop at the Apotheke (Pharmacy) for fuel. She also had to visit a boot maker to put leather linings on the brakes, the first relining of a car’s brakes!

1885Benz

This initial model was enhanced to a four-wheeled vehicle once Benz worked out a steering mechanism for the front wheels. The luxury nameplate automobile, Mercedes–Benz, emerged from this humble motorized vehicle. Benz’ invention demonstrated that motorized transportation was feasible. As a result of this original vehicle, we now have paved highways, including the Autobahns in Germany and the Interstate Highway System in the United States. These highways have tied together a nation’s cities and expedited the mobility of the population. The use of the refined gasoline helped to revolutionize industry just like steam power did earlier; both power sources drove the industrial revolution. It’s hard to imagine what life would be like today if were were still traveling by horse and buggy!

An event that bridged the international and domestic scenes took place in 2002. President George W. Bush, in his State of the Union address to a joint session of Congress, labeled North Korea, Iran, and Iraq as the “Axis of Evil,” the main source of international terrorism. This was partially a response to the al-Qaeda-sponsored attack on the Twin Towers in New York City and the Pentagon in suburban Washington, D.C. After the end of the Cold War ushered in by the efforts of President Ronald Reagan and Soviet Premiere Mikhail Gorbachev in the early 1980s much of the major conflicts between the Soviets and the NATO were eliminated; this was not the end of world tensions since small terrorists groups sprung up to push for their own agendas. The major fear was that some of the rogue states, such as those identified by President George W. Bush, would gain access to nuclear devices and use them against the west. This “Axis of Evil” was thought to be a conduit for such access, especially since North Korea was known to have nuclear capability. It was feared that Iraq and Iran would gain that capability as well. In fact, one of the major arguments used by the junior Bush’s Administration to gain U.N. sanctions to invade Iraq in 2002 was just that — Iraq was thought to have WMD (Weapons of Mass Destruction). The U.S., with only minor support of a few of our European allies, invaded both Afghanistan and Iraq on the pretense of searching for and destroying these al-Qaeda forces and WMD. But the underlying goal was to establish democratic republics in these Islamic countries WHETHER THE POPULATION WANTED IT OR NOT!

family vacations cooperstown

Getting back to the domestic front, this day was significant for two other events — the establishment of the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1936 and launch in 1941 of the last U.S. battleship, the USS Missouri. This is the day, in 1936, when the Baseball Writer’s Association of America named the first five American baseball legends to be inducted into the new Professional Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum to be opened in 1939. This Hall of Fame would be built in Cooperstown, New York. The first five inductees were — Babe Ruth, Ty Cobb, Honus Wagner, Christy Matheson and Walter Johnson. These great players would lead a host of others over the years. Induction into the Hall of Fame was the goal of every player who took the field for a Major League team; it would also be the dream of every 10 or 11-year-old who took up ball, bat, and glove to play on their first Peewee League team. It became the “Mecca” or “Jerusalem” of any serious baseball fan. If they didn’t get there in actuality, it became an important item on their personal “bucket list.” Over the years, a wing was added to honor the women who played in the All-American Professional Women’s Baseball League during World War II. A wing was also establish to honor those great players in the Negro leagues before Jackie Robinson was able to bridge that color barrier in 1947. Visiting this Hall of Fame became the American youth’s quest for the “Holy Grail.”

USS_Missouri_watching_over_USS_Arizona_-_Pearl_Harbor

The other major event of significance on the home front was the launching, in 1941, of the last Battleship, The USS Missouri, for the U.S. Navy. Prior to World War II naval power had been the key to victory in any international history. During the days of the English fight against the Spanish Armada through the War of 1812, naval power were enforced by the large ships with several different gun decks and large number of canons, the “Ships of the Line.” At the end of the 19th century, England built the HMS Dreadnought, a large battleship that was equipped with many high-bore guns that could send their projectiles for 20 or more miles against opposing navies. No longer would the ships of one navy line up in a straight line sail past each other and firing their canons against the opposing lines of naval ships. As the two rows passed each other, firing their canons into their opposing number as they passed. This was something like two boxers standing toe to toe and hitting each other.

The HMS Dreadnought introduced a new style of naval battle in which these mighty ships would fire at enemy forces, either in the sea or on land, and they move on to the next ship. In World War II we remember the super-Battleships like the SMS Bismarck and SMS Prinz Eugen (Germany), the HMS Hood & HMS Prince of Wales (Britain), the Yamato (Japan) and the USS Missouri, USS Iowa, & USS Arizona (United States). Sea battles between these floating weapon fortifications would take place over the horizon with the enemy out of the line of sight! But this was the end of the line for these large battle wagons as World War II would prove the power of Naval Aviation; a flight of planes from a sea-based Aircraft carrier would be able to sink even the largest of these battleships. They would continue to serve in the bombardment of landing beaches, especially in the Pacific theatre of operations. But they were no longer the power houses of the seas. The “Mighty Mo” would have the honor of hosting the delegations from the Japanese and Allied nations during the surrender ceremonies that ended World War II. RIP, dear battleships, you served your country well and were the king of the mountain for so many decades; may you always be remembered for your heroics.

Murders_in_the_Rue_Morgue_1971

Finally, we remember that haunting poem that was published on this day in 1845, “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe. Poe would go on to write such short stories as “The Murders in the Rue Morgue,” “The Cask of Amontillado," and, of course, "The Pit and the Pendulum". He was the first American writer to try to make a living at only publishing his  works. But the poem, “The Raven,” appeared in the New York Evening Mirror and brought Poe immediate popularity. His writings helped promote the science fiction genre which had been started by the works of Jules Verne in France. He was criticized by many of the more important thinkers and writers of the 19th century such as William Butler Yeats, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Aldous Huxley. Most of the recent generations of our generations probably remember his works through their adaptation to the movie screen by that directing genius, Alfred Hitchcock.

So today is marked by influences in transportation, sea power, and sports remembrances. That simple motor-driven vehicle created and patented by Karl Benz on this day in 1886 triggered a number of technologies that have culminated in the hybrid and electric cars of today. Many of the advances of the automobile were incorporated into the huge battleships, such as the USS Missouri that was launched in 1941; while these battleships would be antiquated by the aircraft carrier and naval aviation, the “Mighty Mo” would serve us well during World War II. The American male’s hearts are uplifted by their identification with the great men and their memorabilia housed in the Professional Baseball Hall of Fame; these are the men that we have patterned our play after and pictured ourselves as a Willie Mays or Sandy Koufax as we played our hearts out. And the events of 911 were exploited to identify the post-Cold War terrorists as being supported by that triumvirate of countries identified by George W. Bush as the “Axis of Evil”; unfortunately their presumed tie-in with al-Qaeda and 911 led to a Vietnam-type of war in Iraq and Afghanistan with the intent to establish a democracy upon a people who may not be ready for it or even desirability of it. Hopefully, we will have the wisdom to avoid such intervention for the wrong reasons in the future.

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 2097 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Edgar Allan Poe:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/e/edgar_allan_poe.html ]

    

“All that we see or seem is but a dream within a dream.”
— Edgar Allan Poe

“I became insane, with long intervals of horrible sanity.”
— Edgar Allan Poe

“I have great faith in fools; self-confidence my friends call it.”
— Edgar Allan Poe

“Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there, wondering, fearing, doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before.”
— Edgar Allan Poe

“Experience has shown, and a true philosophy will always show, that a vast, perhaps the larger portion of the truth arises from the seemingly irrelevant.”
— Edgar Allan Poe

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