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Tag: Republic of Texas

Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbToday we find a number of significant events in the history of our nation. We also find a couple of major events in the personal lives of a some of our public heroes. And finally, we find a couple events of terrorism in both this country and the United Kingdom. As usual, these events provided a cascade of subsidiary events that helped to create this country as it is now. I hope that we take time on this first day of the new month to contemplate and consider the rich filigree that makes our country a unique blend of peoples, lands, and ideas.

tipislide

In terms of our national history, this day in 1781 found the Articles of Confederation become the first constitution of the new nation forged out of the thirteen American colonies following the Revolutionary War. But the real story is the rich land in which these original colonies, now states, would become a nation of fifty states ranging from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and include the frozen north of Alaska and Pacific paradise of Hawaii. Jefferson started this process with the Louisiana Purchase, but continued to the annexation of the Republic of Texas to the United States in 1845. President Tyler did not acquire this land through treaty, like most of the rest of the west, but through annexation; this did not recognize the right of the Texans to claim that they were legally an independent entity!

This process continued as these lands were explored during the latter part of the 19th century. As the natural beauty of this land became apparent. There was Yellowstone with its geysers, deep canyons, and wildlife. There was the Yosemite Valley in the Sierra-Nevada Mountains in California with its waterfalls and great natural beauty. And, of course, the Grand Canyon of the Colorado River in the Arizona Territory. These natural wonders would be desecrated like the natural wonders of Niagara Falls had been if not protected. This protection was afforded in 1872 by the Yellowstone Act of 1872 signed on this day by President Ulysses S. Grant that would protect the natural wonder that was Yellowstone.

This protection was continued during the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt who used his power to designate National Monuments to protect some of the other wonders of the west. This was used to protect the Grand Canyon, Yosemite, and various Indian relics throughout the west. And, of course, these protections were formalized in 1917 when President Woodrow Wilson signed the law that created the National Parks Service. This agency would help protect wild and scenic regions across this great land of ours. Without this protection, we would not be able to look forward to vacations to see these examples of “eye-candy” on our family vacations!

EagleRock

Other significant events on this day included the creation of the Peace Corps in 1961 by President John F. Kennedy by executive order, the kidnapping of the infant son of aviation hero Charles Lindbergh in 1932, and the retirement of Baseball great Mickey Mantle from the New York Yankees in 1969. These events affected us in various ways. The Peace Corps provided an alternative to the “Ugly American” image of many post-war interactions with the third world nation while at the same time providing our young people with an unprecedented opportunity to serve their nation. From this experience, we have reaped many educators, businessmen, and others dedicated to the service of others. The Lindbergh case, the “Crime of the Century,” resulted in a number of laws designed to protect our population, albeit at the expense of the right of many immigrant groups. And we again realized the role of sports heroes in our national life. Mickey Mantle was the personification of the baseball hero who was, indeed, a nice guy. We need more of his kind in our present day atmosphere of greed exhibited by many of our present sports stars.  

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1382 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Texas:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/texas.html ]

    

“Calling a taxi in Texas is like calling a rabbi in Iraq.”
— Fran Lebowitz

“But I’m a citizen of Texas and try to spend most of my time there.”
— Thomas Haden Church

“I got beat up up in Texas because my bootlaces were the wrong color.”
— Fairuza Balk

“After I left Texas and went to California, I had a hard time getting anyone to play anything that I was writing, so I had to end up playing them myself. And that’s how I ended up just being a saxophone player.”
— Ornette Coleman

“According to a study by Achieve Incorporated, Texas is the first state to make a college-prep curriculum the standard coursework in high school, starting with this year’s ninth grade class.”
— Rick Perry

“All new states are invested, more or less, by a class of noisy, second-rate men who are always in favor of rash and extreme measures, but Texas was absolutely overrun by such men.”
— Sam Houston

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

Commentary:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumbOne of the high points of studying American history is the journey made by Texas from French to Spanish to Mexican rule, through independence, to statehood. Center stage in this tail is Sam Houston who became the Republic of Texas’ first President. Houston is unique, in that, he was governor of two different states, Tennessee and Texas, as well as the Head of State for a foreign country, the Republic of Texas. While the Battle of the Alamo generated the rallying cry, “Remember the Alamo,” for the Texans, it was the victory of General Sam Houston over Mexican General Santa Anna at San Jacinto.

I feel an affinity to Texas, not through living or travelling there, but because my wife’s family settled in northern and western Texas before migrating to California in the 1930s. I have grown to appreciate the isolation and hard life encountered by the farmers of that land.

The_Battle_of_San_Jacinto_(1895)

I have covered various aspects of Texas’ history in a variety of postings in this blog. It has a history intertwined with the cowhands of the old west, the gun fighters, the farmers of the dust bowl, and the dual identification with both the United States and Mexico. It played a central role in the United States entering World War I via the Zimmerman telegram. It was the training ground for many of our World War II generals during the Pershing expeditions in search of Pancho Villa, and continues to be important to our country and state today due to the immigration issue, the armed cartels along the border that terrorize both Mexican and U.S. citizens, and the economic exchanges with the enterprise zones where our companies have fled to for cheap labor. In addition, Texas has produced many candidates for president and several of our recent presidents have been from Texas.

As Texas gained its independence from Mexico in the middle of the 1800s, Sam Houston rode to prominence. But let’s proceed to examine the role of Sam Houston, especially as he became the first (and third) President of the Republic of Texas… GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 2628 Words ]

    

Quotations Related to Sam Houston:

    

“A leader is someone who helps improve the lives of other people or improve the system they live under.”
— Sam Houston

“I am aware that in presenting myself as the advocate of the Indians and their rights, I shall stand very much alone.”
— Sam Houston

“I would give no thought of what the world might say of me, if I could only transmit to posterity the reputation of an honest man.”
— Sam Houston

continue reading…

Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary:

JerryPhotoYesterday we explored the circumstances under which the Battle of the Alamo was fought. It was the opening skirmish in the war for an independent Republic of Texas. After Mexico became an independent country and free fron the Spanish new world empire, it defined new state boundaries; Tejas was combined with the territory of Coahuila. The capitol of this state was located in Saltillo, about 500 miles from the center of Texas decision-making, San Antonio. This made Texas essentially the “step-sister” of Coahuila.

The Mexican assault against the rebellious Texians was led by Mexico’s President – Dictator, Santa Anna. The Texians were led by Sam Houston who sent William Travis, Jim Bowie, and Davy Crockett to lead the resistance in the Alamo Mission on the outskirts of San Antonio. Most of the troops assigned to protect the mission were lost in that 13 day battle. But Houston would rally another force that defeated Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto.

Fall-of-the-alamo-gentilz_1844

What can we learn from these brave frontiersmen who tamed the wilds of Texas, won its independence from Mexico, formed the Republic of Texas before becoming part of the the United States? We learn that men with a quest for freedom can tame a wild land and create a civil society, consistent with John Locke and our Founding Fathers. We need to study the passions upon which our country was founded and apply them to our political polarities that are crippling our government today.

Let’s proceed in our exploration of the combatants involved in the Battle of the Alamo…  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 4234 Words ]

   

Quotations Related to SAM HOUSTON:

    

“Texas has yet to learn submission to any oppression, come from what source it may.”
— Sam Houston

“Whether his policy was right or wrong, he built up the glory of the nation.”
— Sam Houston

“A leader is someone who helps improve the lives of other people or improve the system they live under.”
— Sam Houston

continue reading…

Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary:

JerryPhotoIn 1836, less than 200 settlers from the U. S. in the Mexican area of Texas faced a force of 1500 soldiers under the direction of President Santa Anna. This stand took place in the Alamo Mission outside of today’s San Antonio. over a thirteen day period, the brave American expatriates held off the larger force of soldiers valiantly before being overrun and going down to defeat; all but a small group of women and children were killed, including Jim Bowie, Davy Crocket, and William Travis.

Santa Anna’s forces were eventually defeated at the Battle of San Jacinto. Sam Houston and the Texans rallied to the battle cry we remember so well: “Remember the Alamo…”. Texas won their independence from Mexico and created the separate country of the Republic of Texas. It would eventually become a state as part of the great United States of America!

Alamo Memorial-5478

What can we learn from this series of events? The main lesson is that a dedicated, brave group of patriots can stand successfully against a larger, well-armed opponent. We saw this repeatedly during World War II, and we remember the names of these brave men when we read the names of soldiers who earned the Congressional Metal of Honor. I feel this every time that I visit the Metal of Honor at our local Riverside National Cemetery. These names represent men who gave their all, often including their own lives, during their defense of our freedom.

We have rallied to many battle cries during the life of our country. These include: “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death…”, “Remember the Alamo…”, “Remember the Maine…”, and “Remember Pearl Harbor…”. May we always stand together to defend our liberties!

So let’s explore the Battle of the Alamo…  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 4645 Words ]
    

   

Quotations Related to DAVY CROCKETT:

    

“Be always sure you are right – then go ahead.”
— Davy Crockett

“I have always supported measures and principles and not men.”
— Davy Crockett

“I would rather be beaten, and be a man, than to be elected and be a little puppy dog.”
— Davy Crockett

continue reading…

by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary

Due to injury, this commentary will be added later. Please check back. Thank youGLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2010 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 2664 Words ]

   

Quotations Related to TEXAS

“According to a study by Achieve Incorporated, Texas is the first state to make a college-prep curriculum the standard coursework in high school, starting with this year’s ninth grade class.”
— Rixk Perry

“All new states are invested, more or less, by a class of noisy, second-rate men who are always in favor of rash and extreme measures, but Texas was absolutely overrun by such men.”
— Sam Houston

“Allowing Texas to display the Ten Commandments on State property but disallowing Kentucky courthouses from doing the same is a poor and flawed interpretation of the U.S. Constitution.”
— Ginny B. White

continue reading…