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Tag: Saddam Hussein

Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumb

Another day has dawned. On this day, we witnessed a couple events surrounding World War I. Before the entry of U.S. troops into that conflict, we witnessed development of two support units for General Pershing’s expeditionary force seeking the Mexican raiders led by Pancho Villa. Following World War I, this day, in the U.S. Senate, witnessed the second attempt to gain ratification of the Treaty of Versailles was defeated led by Republican forces under the leadership of Henry Cabot Lodge. This marked not only a defeat of the program of President Woodrow Wilson, but also a repudiation of the U.S. as a active participant in the international community of nations.

Bantam-jeep-1

This day also witness the manufacture of the one millionth Jeep, that ubiquitous army vehicle, to the U.S. Army. More recently, this day witnessed the start of Operation Iraqi Freedom in the second Persian Gulf War. On the lighter side, this was a day of two major firsts for television: the first Academy Awards Ceremony, hosted by Bob Hope, televised live and later this day would witness the first televising of the day-to-day business of our Congress on C-SPAN. That was this day in history, the 19th of March…

    
A More Detailed Look at Today’s Event History:

The major events of the day took place just before and just after World War I. Prior to that world conflict, taking place mainly in western Europe, we were, in 1916, embroiled in a conflict along the southern borders of the U.S. between Texas and Arizona. Pancho Villa, leading an army of Mexican peasants, would raid towns across the U.S.–Mexico border. One of the most famous of these raids was on the border town of Columbus, New Mexico; during this raid the town was burned to the ground. General John "Black Jack" Pershing and his expeditionary force received orders to pursue and capture and/or kill Pancho Villa. Two new military groups participated in this campaign of the Mexican American War. These two new support units were the motorized cavalry under Lt. George Patton and the founding of the first U.S. air combat force, the First Aero Squadron, based in Columbus, New Mexico; this town was the site of one of Pancho Villa’s more famous border raids. The Aero Squadron served primarily scouting duties during this campaign. They would serve well over France in the conflict taking Place over France.

1st_aero

Following the end of the First World War in 1919, the United States, England and France would draft the formal treaty that the Germans were forced to sign. This document, the Treaty of Versailles, called for the formation of a League of Nations after the model set forth by Woodrow Wilson in his 14 Points. This treaty was designed to protect and expand the colonial empires of England and France under the guise of create "Protectorates" overseen by each of these powers. The U.S. also received some protectorates, especially in the Pacific, but we were not at that time a colonial power.

The problem, however, was this treaty required ratification by the U.S. Senate, which was in control of anti-Wilson Republicans led by men like Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr. The latter was especially active, in 1920, when this treaty came up for ratification a second time. This Senate action marked not only a defeat of the program of President Woodrow Wilson, but also a repudiation of the U.S. as a active participant in the international community of nations. We would never formally join the League of Nations and we would suffer, along with the democratic countries of Europe, the pains of war again when Adolf Hitler came into power as German Chancellor in 1933.

Two additional military events celebrated milestones on this day as well. In 1952, during the Korean War, the one millionth Jeep was manufactured. The jeep was introduced as an all-purpose, all-terrain vehicle to provide our troops with mobility during World War II and the Korean War. This milestone in the manufacturing of the functional, no-frills vehicle was a celebration of the success of a concept — mobility on the battlefield.

More recently, we witnessed on this day in 2003, the beginning of Operation Iraqi Freedom by President George W. Bush. This operation was part of the second Persian Gulf War and part of the U.S. war on terrorism following the attacks of 9-11 in New York City, Pennsylvania, and the Pentagon in Virginia. Unlike the first Persian Gulf War, this military action was basically an U.S. action with a loose coalition of western European allies, especially the United Kingdom. Also, unlike the first Persian Gulf War, there was no coalition or support by our friends in the Arab world. While successful in removing Saddam Hussein from power, it has not bring real brought democracy or real freedom to that troubled country.

USMC_469

We also witnessed a couple of firsts in the television arena. In 1953, we witnessed the first live showing of the annual Academy Awards show. This 25th edition of the awards ceremony was hosted for the first time by Bob Hope and was the occasion of Cecil B. DeMilles winning the Best Picture award for "The Greatest Show on Earth." The ceremony was broadcast by NBC Television. Also on this day, in 1979, the country witnessed the first live broadcast of the day-to-day activities of the U.S. House of Representatives; these broadcasts were carried by C-SPAN.

And that was this day in history. It was filled with several significant events that have shaped and molded this great country of ours!

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1574 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Woodrow Wilson:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/w/woodrow_wilson.html ]

    

“A conservative is a man who just sits and thinks, mostly sits.”
— Woodrow Wilson

“A conservative is someone who makes no changes and consults his grandmother when in doubt.”
— Woodrow Wilson

“Absolute identity with one’s cause is the first and great condition of successful leadership.”
— Woodrow Wilson

“A little group of willful men, representing no opinion but their own, have rendered the great government of the United States helpless and contemptible.”
— Woodrow Wilson

“America lives in the heart of every man everywhere who wishes to find a region where he will be free to work out his destiny as he chooses.”
— Woodrow Wilson

“America was established not to create wealth but to realize a vision, to realize an ideal – to discover and maintain liberty among men.”
— Woodrow Wilson

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbOn this day we have seen some major events that have affected the history not only of our own country, but of the family of nations as well. Some of these events were happy ones, like the first Mardi Gras celebrated in New Orleans in 1827. Others dealt with war and preparations for war. Domestically, in 1776 the Continental Congress established the Continental Navy which has grown into the most powerful on earth. On this day in 1991, President George H.W. Bush announced the end of hostilities during the First Gulf War and Operation Desert Storm. But in Germany, in 1933, we witnessed the burning of the seat of the German Parliament, the Reichstag, in Berlin; Chancellor Adolf Hitler blamed it on communists and took the opportunity to declare marshal law. World War II was the consequence of the Nazi leadership’s power grab.

Reichstag Fire

We have seen some important civil rights events occur as well. In 1860, in New York City, Abraham Lincoln delivered his Cooper union speech condemning slavery. This speech brought him to national prominence and led to his election as President of the United States later that year. Also on this day, in 1872, a young African American woman, Charlotte E. Ray, graduated from Howard University and becoming the first African American woman to become a lawyer in this country. She would later  become the first woman admitted to practice law in Washington.

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 860 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Reichstag:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/reichstag.html ]

    

“In 1930 I became a member of the Reichstag.”
— Hans Frank

“I was lucky because on the morning after the burning of the Reichstag I left my home very early to catch a train to Berlin for the conference of our student organization and that is the only reason why I escaped arrest.”
— Klaus Fuchs

“If there’s another 9/11 or a major war in the Middle-East involving a U.S. attack on Iran, I have no doubt that there will be, the day after or within days an equivalent of a Reichstag fire decree that will involve massive detentions in this country.”
— Daniel Ellsberg

“It was also my idea that the advisory committees of the Academy should replace the legal committees of the German Reichstag, which was gradually fading into the background in the Reich.”
— Hans Frank

“Now, to describe the process of the Wrapped Reichstag, which went from 1971 to ’95, there is an entire book about that, because each one of our projects has its own book. The book is not an art book, meaning it’s not written by an art historian.”
— Christo

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbThis day, February 26th, saw many important events through recent history. In 1846, the frontiersman, buffalo hunter, and showman, William Cody, was born in Iowa. We earned is famous nickname, “Buffalo Bill,” by providing buffalo meat to the railroads. In later years, he would create his wild west show that took the adventure of the western frontier to arenas across the United States; these shows provided the easterners with an experience in roping, shooting (Annie Oakley), and cowboys and Indians in a safe environment.

Also on this day in 1917, President Woodrow Wilson learned of an encrypted telegram sent from Germany to the German Ambassador in Washington to be forwarded to the German ambassador in Mexico City. This telegram, the Zimmermann Telegram, sought Mexico’s help in breaking the Allied blockade of Germany in Europe by military action in North America. The British codebreakers in London broke the cypher and provided Wilson with the true contents of the telegram. This evidence in conjunction with the sinking of the Lusitania, lead to the entry of the United States into World War I.

Grand_Canyon_-_North_Rim_Panorama_-_Sept_2004

In 1919, the Congress included the Grand Canyon into the National Parks system under the signature of President Woodrow Wilson. The Grand Canyon’s amazing natural wonders had already been protected by an executive order by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1908 as a National Monument. It became the 15th park included in the National Parks System and included the Grand Canyon, the Colorado gorge and the wild country around it. If it were not for these actions, we may not have this as one of Seven Natural Wonders of the World.

We also witnessed the first attack on the World Trade Center in 1993 by a terrorist car bomb in the parking garage. Radical Islamist were convicted of planning this bombing in 1994; all the men associated with this attack are serving life sentences in prison.

wtc400_022608

Also on this day in 1952 the Prime Minister Winston Churchill announced that the British has successfully tested an atomic bomb. It became the third world power to acquire atomic weapons. This day also witnessed, in 1815, the escape of Napoleon from the island of Elba in the Mediterranean Sea; he returned to France where he led the French forces into the Battle of Waterloo, which he lost. 100 days after his escape, he was exiled to the island of Saint Helena in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.

Well, this day, February 26th, has had quite a history. It is now time to proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1182 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Theodore Roosevelt:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/t/theodore_roosevelt.html ]

    

“Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far.”
— Theodore Roosevelt

“No man is justified in doing evil on the ground of expedience.”
— Theodore Roosevelt

“No great intellectual thing was ever done by great effort.”
— Theodore Roosevelt

“It is hard to fail, but it is worse never to have tried to succeed.”
— Theodore Roosevelt

“In any moment of decision, the best thing you can do is the right thing, the next best thing is the wrong thing, and the worst thing you can do is nothing.”
— Theodore Roosevelt

“In any moment of decision, the best thing you can do is the right thing, the next best thing is the wrong thing, and the worst thing you can do is nothing.”
— Theodore Roosevelt

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbToday we make note of a number of significant events in the entertainment as well as the expected political arenas. This day, in 1773, witnessed the establishment of this country’s first museum in South Carolina. It also witnessed the establishment of a record label that Berry Gordy, Jr. would eventually turn into the iconic Rhythm and Blues record label — Motown Records — in 1959. In 1971 we all settled into our easy chairs to watch the barrier-breaking TV show, “All in the Family.” Who can forget Archie Bunker, the racist, and his son-in-law Meathead, the ex-Hippie. This show addressed issues such as abortion, race relations, and homophobia during its run on TV.

Amosnandy

But probably the most significant entertainment breakthrough was the transition of the radio comedy icon, Amos ‘n’ Andy, to the new media of television. Why was this so significant? Because the iconic radio program broadcast on WGN in Chicago starting in 1926 was, in a real sense, a fraud. How so? It purported to represent the misadventures of a small group of African American men who moved to the Windy City from the Deep South. This show portrayed these African Americans as using “simplified” English and shuffled in the manner expected by the white stereotype of the Black man (“boy”). This perpetuation of the negative stereotype did a disservice to this group of Americans. But far worse, I think, was that the main characters were not portrayed by African Americans, but by white, ex-vaudeville actors. With the transition to the television screen, real African American actors had to be hired at a time when few were employed in the industry for jobs above that of janitor. Thus, this television version of the Amos ‘n’ Andy Show created a new opportunity about ten years before the main Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.

Other events of today were more varied. In 1969 we saw Joe Namath and his New York Jet teammates defeated the Baltimore Colts to win the first “official” Super Bowl football game. It also saw President George H.W. Bush receive congressional approval to send U.S. troops into Kuwait against Saddam Hussein’s troops from this independent country under United Nations Sanctioned “Operation Desert Storm” during the first Gulf War. This was more justified due to the multi-national coalition involved plus the limited goals — the expulsion of Iraqi troops from Kuwait. A decade later, George W. Bush went into the second Gulf War with no such coalition and much broader goals — the removal of Saddam Hussein and his Bath party from control of Iraq. An interesting question for history is which goal was “right”.

Ute_Trail

To finish on a more positive note, this day saw the creation of the Rocky Mountain National Park by a legislative act in 1915. This park was created at a time when our country was about to go to war and development and mining interests were pressuring the government for permission to “rape” this scenic area of the Rocky Mountains. Would we still be able to enjoy these features almost a hundred years later if it had not been for this National Park designation? Time will tell, but it is unlikely. Mining interests and land developers do not respect the land when they enter a new region. Think about our redevelopment laws for a moment; empty land is considered “blighted” and a prime candidate for redevelopment! It sort of reminds me of the song lyrics that go somewhat like Joni Mitchell’s song of “Big Yellow Taxi” that say “they took all the trees and put in a parking lot”. Think about it.

It is interesting to think about land use in this country compared to that in Europe. In this country, a fifty-year-old building is considered old and expendable. They tear it down to build a newer, probably less aesthetic one. In Europe, such a building would be considered to be young and allowed to mature and age. Think about it. Would we want to tear down one or more of the château along the Loire River in France to put up a modern high-rise hotel. Catastrophe! Or should we tear down the medieval cathedrals at Notre Dame or Chartres in France, Mont Saint Michele in Brittany, the Dom in Cologne, or St. Peter’s in Rome so we can build a modern, mega-church with multi-media projections and dramatic performances? I think that would be a fast way to commit suicide! Think about it.

But now we need to get on with the overview of the events of this day… GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1361 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Radio:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/keywords/radio_2.html ]

    

“I love sports. Whenever I can, I always watch the Detroit Tigers on the radio.”
— Gerald R. Ford

“It was amazing to me that, all of a sudden, I was hearing my music on the radio and coming out of cars.”
— Lenny Kravitz

“I wrote a lot of stuff quickly: pages and pages of notes that seemed pretty incoherent at first. Most of it was taken from the radio because -suddenly being a parent- I’d be confronted by the radio giving a news report every hour of the day.”
— Thom Yorke

“The orchestration of press, radio and television to create a continuous, lasting and total environment renders the influence of propaganda virtually unnoticed precisely because it creates a constant environment.”
— Jacques Ellul

“People say New Yorkers can’t get along. Not true. I saw two New Yorkers, complete strangers, sharing a cab. One guy took the tires and the radio; the other guy took the engine.”
— David Letterman

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Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Commentary:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbIn 1990, Iraqi forces invaded and occupied Kuwait, an independent, oil producing state on the Persian Gulf. Saddam Hussein sought to recapture the rich oil fields of this small state; Kuwait had formerly been part of Iraq before the British Protectorate given by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 made it an independent state. Iraq needed the funds that the oil fields would bring to replenish their treasury after the Iran-Iraq War. After ignoring numerous UN Security Council Resolutions, the United States, under the leadership of President George H. W. Bush, formed a coalition of countries, including Saudi Arabia, to prepare to liberate Kuwait. During the troop build-up, this was named Operation Desert Shield. The action phase started on January 17, 1991.

3_AD_Iraq

Bush took great care to establish a working coalition before invading Kuwait. When they struck, it was similar to the Blitzkrieg used by Nazi motorized units and armored units during the early days of World War II. Our stealth fighters took out the Iraqi radar installations and generally sought to disrupt the Iraqi Command and Control Structure. Our action caught the Iraqis “asleep” and the actual battle lasted only a few days. Between our tank tactics and the use of our aircraft and cruise missiles capped the process.

Upon withdrawing from Kuwait, the Iraqis started fires on the oilfields to do as much damage as possible. The coalition planes decimated the troops trying to withdraw to Bagdad. Iraqi tanks and vehicles lined the main highway out of Kuwait. The coalition decided that the task was done once Kuwait had been liberated, despite the military’s desire to destroy Hussein’s special Republican Guard troops. But this was not carried through due to the lack of coalition consensus to do so.

It is unfortunate that George W. Bush, when he became president in 2000, did not heed his father’s wisdom. We will deal with the War on Terrorism over the next two days. We have suffered, as a country, due to that lack of international support, but instead have carried out two wars, Iraq and Afghanistan, concurrently basically by ourselves.

But it is time now to get into the meat of today’s exploration of the First Persian Gulf War… GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 3929 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Veterans Day:

    

“Remember, George, this is no time to go wobbly.”
— Margaret Thatcher

“I can tell you this: If I’m ever in a position to call the shots, I’m not going to rush to send somebody else’s kids into a war.” — George H.W. Bush

“By God, we will make the fire eat up half of Israel if it tries to do anything against Iraq.”
— Saddam Hussein

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