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Tag: Sam Houston

Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

    
Introductory Comments:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumb_thumbWow! This is a day filled with significant events. The most public of these takes place at sunrise time in a small Pennsylvania town, Punxsutawney, on Gobbler’s Knob. This is the time each year when the groundhog, Punxsutawney Phil, emerges from its burrow and predicts the time of the coming spring. Does it accomplish its task? Who cares — the town is covered by national TV and newspapers and brings crowds to the small town. It is big business and a tradition that was started in 1887! In addition, on this day in 1904, the beloved author of so many books that have entertained children for the last century was born. Theodor Geisel, the beloved Dr. Seuss, started life in Massachusetts and became a cartoonist. Our lives have been enriched by his many stories.

Groundhog%20Day_Varg_0

On a more historical note, on this day in 1836, Sam Houston and a group of Texians declared their independence from Mexico. After the Texians defeated General Santa Ana and the Mexican Army at the Battle of San Jacinto, an independent country, the Republic of Texas, was created. A dozen years later, after Tyler signed the legislation to annex The Republic of Texas to the United States, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed to end the Mexican American War in 1848. This treaty ceded much of the Mexican territory in the southwest to the United States to give us ownership of most of the land from the Atlantic coast to the Pacific coast. Our nation now spanned the continent.

This day in history also witnessed one of the strange oddities of the electoral process. In the 1877 presidential election, the Democratic candidate, Samuel Tilden, won the majority of the popular vote but lost the presidency! How could this happen? Some political back-room negotiations provided enough electoral votes for the Republican candidate, Rutherford B. Hayes, to elect him the new president by one electoral vote. This was dirty politics of the worse sort, not all that different than the “hanging chad” controversy of the 2000 election.

th_chad

A couple of major human rights events have occurred on this day. In 1807, Congress passed a law that banned the importation of slaves into our country. The U.S. Constitution provided protection of the slave trade for twenty years as part of one of the compromising made to gain ratification of this new constitution. The new law took effect on January 1, 1808; this law did NOT prohibit slavery, only the importation of new slaves. On this day in 1990, President H.W. de Klerk of South Africa announced the removal of the ban against the anti-apartheid groups, like the African National Congress, and led to the release of Nelson Mandela nine days later. Mandela would become the first president of a non-segregated South Africa.

Finally, this day witnessed the flight, in 1949, of the Lucky Lady II on the completion of a record-setting non-stop flight around-the-world on a Boeing B-50 bomber. This flight took 94 hours with a crew of fourteen and four in-flight refuelings. This was a demonstration of strength to the Soviet Union and occurred one year before the start of the Korean War.

We now will proceed to examine some of the events that are associated with day in history... GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2012 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 1461 Words ]
    

    

Quotations Related to Sam Houston:

[ http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/s/sam_houston.html ]

    

“A leader is someone who helps improve the lives of other people or improve the system they live under.”
— Sam Houston

“I am aware that in presenting myself as the advocate of the Indians and their rights, I shall stand very much alone.”
— Sam Houston

“I would give no thought of what the world might say of me, if I could only transmit to posterity the reputation of an honest man.”
— Sam Houston

“All new states are invested, more or less, by a class of noisy, second-rate men who are always in favor of rash and extreme measures, but Texas was absolutely overrun by such men.”
— Sam Houston

“In the name of the constitution of Texas, which has been trampled upon, I refuse to take this oath. I love Texas too well to bring civil strife and bloodshed upon her.”
— Sam Houston

“Remember that whatever may be said by a lady or her friends, it is not part of conduct of a gallant or generous man to take up arms against a woman.”
— Sam Houston

continue reading…

Edited by Gerald Boerner

    

Commentary:

JerryPhoto_thumb2_thumbOne of the high points of studying American history is the journey made by Texas from French to Spanish to Mexican rule, through independence, to statehood. Center stage in this tail is Sam Houston who became the Republic of Texas’ first President. Houston is unique, in that, he was governor of two different states, Tennessee and Texas, as well as the Head of State for a foreign country, the Republic of Texas. While the Battle of the Alamo generated the rallying cry, “Remember the Alamo,” for the Texans, it was the victory of General Sam Houston over Mexican General Santa Anna at San Jacinto.

I feel an affinity to Texas, not through living or travelling there, but because my wife’s family settled in northern and western Texas before migrating to California in the 1930s. I have grown to appreciate the isolation and hard life encountered by the farmers of that land.

The_Battle_of_San_Jacinto_(1895)

I have covered various aspects of Texas’ history in a variety of postings in this blog. It has a history intertwined with the cowhands of the old west, the gun fighters, the farmers of the dust bowl, and the dual identification with both the United States and Mexico. It played a central role in the United States entering World War I via the Zimmerman telegram. It was the training ground for many of our World War II generals during the Pershing expeditions in search of Pancho Villa, and continues to be important to our country and state today due to the immigration issue, the armed cartels along the border that terrorize both Mexican and U.S. citizens, and the economic exchanges with the enterprise zones where our companies have fled to for cheap labor. In addition, Texas has produced many candidates for president and several of our recent presidents have been from Texas.

As Texas gained its independence from Mexico in the middle of the 1800s, Sam Houston rode to prominence. But let’s proceed to examine the role of Sam Houston, especially as he became the first (and third) President of the Republic of Texas… GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 2628 Words ]

    

Quotations Related to Sam Houston:

    

“A leader is someone who helps improve the lives of other people or improve the system they live under.”
— Sam Houston

“I am aware that in presenting myself as the advocate of the Indians and their rights, I shall stand very much alone.”
— Sam Houston

“I would give no thought of what the world might say of me, if I could only transmit to posterity the reputation of an honest man.”
— Sam Houston

continue reading…

Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary:

JerryPhoto_thumb[2]Sam Houston was an unique leader. He served as the Governor of two different states, as Senator of a third state and the President of an independent country. He was also a General who led a rebellion against Mexico to create the Republic of Texas. In fact, he led a smaller army against Santa Anna’s forces who overwhelmed the defenders of the Alamo; he staged a night raid on the Mexican army in the Battle of San Jacinto in just eighteen minutes!

Houston not only wanted an independent Texas, he wanted it to become part of the United States. He was a tireless leader who was a friend of the Indians who were relocated to the western territories. These skills helped forge the largest state in the union up to that time.

Battle_of_Horseshoe_Bend_thumb[2]

But our focus today is upon the Battle of San Jacinto. The Texans reaped revenge on the Mexican force that wiped out the defenders of the Alamo and the executioners of the Texan prisiners at Goliad. in one short batt, the cries of “Remember the Alamo” and
“Remember Goliad” were satisfied.

So, let’s get today’s exploration started…  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 3845 Words ]
    

   

Quotations Related to SAM HOUSTON:

    

“Texas has yet to learn submission to any oppression, come from what source it may.”
— Sam Houston

“Whether his policy was right or wrong, he built up the glory of the nation.”
— Sam Houston

“A leader is someone who helps improve the lives of other people or improve the system they live under.”
— Sam Houston

continue reading…

Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary:

JerryPhotoYesterday we explored the circumstances under which the Battle of the Alamo was fought. It was the opening skirmish in the war for an independent Republic of Texas. After Mexico became an independent country and free fron the Spanish new world empire, it defined new state boundaries; Tejas was combined with the territory of Coahuila. The capitol of this state was located in Saltillo, about 500 miles from the center of Texas decision-making, San Antonio. This made Texas essentially the “step-sister” of Coahuila.

The Mexican assault against the rebellious Texians was led by Mexico’s President – Dictator, Santa Anna. The Texians were led by Sam Houston who sent William Travis, Jim Bowie, and Davy Crockett to lead the resistance in the Alamo Mission on the outskirts of San Antonio. Most of the troops assigned to protect the mission were lost in that 13 day battle. But Houston would rally another force that defeated Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto.

Fall-of-the-alamo-gentilz_1844

What can we learn from these brave frontiersmen who tamed the wilds of Texas, won its independence from Mexico, formed the Republic of Texas before becoming part of the the United States? We learn that men with a quest for freedom can tame a wild land and create a civil society, consistent with John Locke and our Founding Fathers. We need to study the passions upon which our country was founded and apply them to our political polarities that are crippling our government today.

Let’s proceed in our exploration of the combatants involved in the Battle of the Alamo…  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 4234 Words ]

   

Quotations Related to SAM HOUSTON:

    

“Texas has yet to learn submission to any oppression, come from what source it may.”
— Sam Houston

“Whether his policy was right or wrong, he built up the glory of the nation.”
— Sam Houston

“A leader is someone who helps improve the lives of other people or improve the system they live under.”
— Sam Houston

continue reading…

Edited by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary:

JerryPhotoIn 1836, less than 200 settlers from the U. S. in the Mexican area of Texas faced a force of 1500 soldiers under the direction of President Santa Anna. This stand took place in the Alamo Mission outside of today’s San Antonio. over a thirteen day period, the brave American expatriates held off the larger force of soldiers valiantly before being overrun and going down to defeat; all but a small group of women and children were killed, including Jim Bowie, Davy Crocket, and William Travis.

Santa Anna’s forces were eventually defeated at the Battle of San Jacinto. Sam Houston and the Texans rallied to the battle cry we remember so well: “Remember the Alamo…”. Texas won their independence from Mexico and created the separate country of the Republic of Texas. It would eventually become a state as part of the great United States of America!

Alamo Memorial-5478

What can we learn from this series of events? The main lesson is that a dedicated, brave group of patriots can stand successfully against a larger, well-armed opponent. We saw this repeatedly during World War II, and we remember the names of these brave men when we read the names of soldiers who earned the Congressional Metal of Honor. I feel this every time that I visit the Metal of Honor at our local Riverside National Cemetery. These names represent men who gave their all, often including their own lives, during their defense of our freedom.

We have rallied to many battle cries during the life of our country. These include: “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death…”, “Remember the Alamo…”, “Remember the Maine…”, and “Remember Pearl Harbor…”. May we always stand together to defend our liberties!

So let’s explore the Battle of the Alamo…  GLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2011 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 4645 Words ]
    

   

Quotations Related to DAVY CROCKETT:

    

“Be always sure you are right – then go ahead.”
— Davy Crockett

“I have always supported measures and principles and not men.”
— Davy Crockett

“I would rather be beaten, and be a man, than to be elected and be a little puppy dog.”
— Davy Crockett

continue reading…

by Gerald Boerner

 

Commentary

Due to injury, this commentary will be added later. Please check back. Thank youGLB

These Introductory Comments are copyrighted:
Copyright©2010 — Gerald Boerner — All Rights Reserved

[ 2664 Words ]

   

Quotations Related to TEXAS

“According to a study by Achieve Incorporated, Texas is the first state to make a college-prep curriculum the standard coursework in high school, starting with this year’s ninth grade class.”
— Rixk Perry

“All new states are invested, more or less, by a class of noisy, second-rate men who are always in favor of rash and extreme measures, but Texas was absolutely overrun by such men.”
— Sam Houston

“Allowing Texas to display the Ten Commandments on State property but disallowing Kentucky courthouses from doing the same is a poor and flawed interpretation of the U.S. Constitution.”
— Ginny B. White

continue reading…